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Jazz Age Part II
Harlem Renaissance Writers
Winold Reiss, "Interpretation
of Harlem Jazz"
"We younger Negro artists who create now intend to express our individual
dark-skinned selves without fear or shame. If white people are pleased we are glad. If they are
not, it doesn't matter. We know we are beautiful. And ugly too. . . . If colored people are pleased we are glad. If they are not, their displeasure
doesn't matter either. We build our temples for tomorrow, strong as we know how, and we stand
on top of
the mountain, free within ourselves." (from Langston Hughes,
Negro Artist and the Racial Mountain")
"It was the period when the Negro was in vogue. I was there. I had a swell time while it lasted.
But I thought it wouldn't last long."
(from The Big Sea by Langston Hughes, 1940)
Scholarly Articles on Hughes' Poetry
- Harlem Renaissance--
good introduction to major and minor writers of the Harlem Renaissance, and the significant issues
issues and controversies of the era.
American Phat Library (Bonvibre)--several poems by
Arna Bontemps, Countee Cullen, Langston Hughes,
Georgia W. Johnson, Claude McKay, et al.
Check dates--some contemporary writers are also
- Jazz-Poetry and Jazz/Blues Music:
1920s-30s:. Read poetry incorporating jazz
elements into its form (some jazz-art included) and listen to
audio-files of some great jazz music (requires RealPlayer and
- The Survey
Graphic Harlem--important black
journal from 1920s, with many essays on the
Harlem Renaissance; often features the highly
regarded writer Alain Locke and
others. See, for instance, Roger's 'Jazz at Home' or alternate source Jazz at
Home--excellent article on meaning of
jazz, or The Tropics in New
York (about West Indian Black
immigrants. Here is a discussion of J.A. Rogers' "Jazz at Home": Afro-American Jazz in Paris during the Jazz Age.
- Enter the New Negro--Alain Locke's well-known essay from the Survey Graphic.
- Vicious Modernism: Black Harlem and the Literary Imagination--informative book review.
The Lost Generation:
The Fitzgeralds, Hemingway, & Gertrude Stein
Dust Jacket Illustration
by John Held, Jr. (1922)
"Ernest Hemingway, echoing
Gertrude Stein, labeled the generation
'lost,' and catalogued the deaths of many of
its illusions, chief among them, perhaps, the
death of romantic love." (from
course description for "Early American Twentieth Century Literature")
"Here was a new generation . . . dedicated more than the last to the
fear of poverty and the worship of success; grown up to find all Gods dead, all wars fought,
all faiths in man shaken. . . ." (from F. Scott Fitzgerald, This Side of
"That's the whole burden of this novel [The Great
Gatsby]--the loss of those illusions that
give such color to the world so that you
don't care whether things are true or false
as long as they partake of the magical
F. Scott Fitzgerald letter, 1924)
Great Gatsby: Study Aids & Student Papers
Great Gatsby: Professional Reviews/Scholarly Articles
- Ernest Hemingway:
Adventure--click on each box for a different place/stage in
excellent Centennial exhibit presents Hemingway's life
and times with many photos.
- Kansas City
Star--where Hemingway learned his famous style.
Center--learn more about his second wife
and their Arkansas home.
- The Hemingway
Resource Center--good links to Hemigway material.
- Hemingway's Paris--good description of the literary "lost
generation" in Paris.
- Aftermath: The Lost
Generation--read about a different
WWI "lost" generation.
- Frequently Asked Questions--helpful short answers to a series of questions about Hemingway's life, loves, beliefs, literary relationships,death. legacy, legend, plot, influences, symbolism, themes, characters, style, and such matters.
- Snows of Kilimanjaro Immortalized by Hemingway 'Will Have Melted by 2020'
--an ecological update on Hemingway's famous mountain.
- "Hemingway's In Our Time: Cubism, Conservation, and the Suspension of Identification--scholarly article.
- Hemingway's 'In Our Time': A Cubist Anatomy--scholarly article.
Hemingway's Sun Also Rises
Stein: Commentary and Scholarly Articles
Stein and Picasso
More Modernist Writers
"Whoa! Nellie! Stop Rag" by
George Gould and Charles N.
(sheet music, 1915).
"On or about 1910, just as
the automobile and airplane were beginning to
accelerate the pace of human life, and
Einstein's ideas were transforming our
perception of the universe, there was an
explosion of innovation and creative energy
that shook every field of artistic endeavor.
. . . It was an era when major artists were
fundamentally questioning and reinventing
their art forms: Matisse and Picasso in
painting, James Joyce and Gertrude Stein in
literature, Isadora Duncan in dance, Igor
Stravinsky in music, and Frank Lloyd Wright
(from The Academy of American Poets,
The Modernist Revolution: Make It New,
"The perpetual task of poetry is to 'make all things new.'
Not necessarily to make new things. . . . It is always partly a revolution, or a reaction,
from the work of the previous generation."
(from T. S. Eliot, "Tradition and the Practice of Poetry")
Scholarly Articles about H.D.:
- William Faulkner:
- The Geometic Design of As I Lay Dying--scholarly article on Faulkner's use of cubist design in his novels.
- Modernist Art--links to
several well-known cubist and surrealist paintings by Cezanne, Piccaso, Dali, and Duchamp.
- Perception and the Destruction of Being in As I Lay Dying--scholarly article.
- Bourgeois Blues: Class, Whiteness, and Southern Gothic in early Faulkner and Caldwell--scholarly article.
- "No such thing as was": The Fetishized Corpse, Modernism, and As I Lay Dying--scholarly article.
- "Dont play no blues": Race, Music, and Mourning in Faulkner's Sanctuary--scholarly article.
- Something New and Hard and Bright: Faulkner, Ideology and the Construction of Modernism--scholarly article.
- The Ideology of Autonomy: Form and Function in As I Lay Dying--scholarly article.
- Burying the Regional Mother: Faulkner's Road to Race through the Visual Arts--scholarly article.
- Study Guide (1) for The Sound and the Fury; another study
- Sound and the
- Faulkner Links--good collection of articles on Faulkner's major
novels and short stories.
Go to Jazz Age Part I or Jazz
Age Part II
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Image, top of page: "Farewell" (1920) by Georges Barbier
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Last updated: 10/10/12