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Danish Women Painters:

1893 Chicago World's Fair and Exposition


Compiled by K. L. Nichols




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This Page:
Anna Ancher
Augusta Dohlmann
Edma Froelich Stage
Sophie Holten
Elise Konstantin-Hansen
Johanne Cathrine Krebs
Mimi Larsen
Anna Sofie Petersen
Queen Louise of Denmark
Nicoline Tuxen
Elisabeth Wandel
Bertha Wegmann



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Anna (Kirstine Broendum) Ancher (1859 - 1935)


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Self-Portrait 1883--
representative work


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Maid in the Kitchen 1883-6--
representative work

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Ane Hedvig Brondumin
in a Blue Room
1913--
representative work.


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Portrait of William Kyne
[well-known artist/teacher] --
representative work.


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Study of the Sewing
Girl's Head
1890
--representative work



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Vaccinations 1889--
representative work




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Funeral 1891--
representative work.


A Dressmaker and In a Brown Study
(images unavailable)--exhibited in
Fine Arts Palace, 1893 World's Exposition.



Anna Ancher owned a boarding house in Skagen, a popular place with Scandinavian outdoor painters such as her future husband Michael Ancher.  He encouraged her to seek professional training, which she did at William Kyne's private art school for women (the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts did not accept women) and in Paris under Puvis de Chavannes.  Anna was the only woman in the group known as the "Skagen painters" and the only participant originally from Skagen.  Her genre paintings and portraits often feature women at work and a characteristic patch of sunlight from a window reflected on a wall.




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(Henriette) Augusta Johanne Dohlmann (1847 - 1914)


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A Still Life with Clematis,
Iris, and Peonies
--
representative work




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Mushrooms 1905--
representative work.


Flora and Chrysanthemums
(images unavailable)--exhibited in
Fine Arts Palace, 1893 World's Exposition.



Daughter of a Danish timber manufacturer, Augusta Dohlmann studied art locally with Otto Diderich Ottesen and flower painter Oluf August Hermansen.  She completed her studies with Tony Robert-Fleury and others in Paris where she also exhibited, as well as internationally.  She was known primarily for her flower paintings.  No more information is available (in English) online.




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(Wilhelmine Cornelia) Edma Froelich (Stage) (1859 - 1958)


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Interior med opstilling i form af momento mori
--representative work


Flowers (image unavailable)--exhibited in
Fine Arts Palace, 1893 World's Exposition.



Born in France, Edma Frölich was the child of a Danish painter-father (one of  Hans Christian Andersen's great illustrators) and a Swedish pianist-mother.  They moved to Denmark when Edma was sixteen. She married a vicar, Nicolai Christian Stage, from Funen. No other information is available online.




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A. M. (Anna Marie) Johanne Sophie [Sofie] Holten (1858 - 1930)


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De Hellige går fra kirke (1890)
--representative work


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Ung kvinna sittande
vid en sjökant [Young
Woman Sitting at a Lake]

1885--representative work

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Elise Konstantin-Hansen
--representative work.


Portrait of a Lady (half-length) and
Portrait of a Gentleman (the painter L.A. Ring)
and At the Border of the Wood
(images unavailable)--exhibited in
Fine Arts Palace, 1893 World's Exposition.



Born in France, Sophie Holten was a Danish artist privately educated at home by her pastor father and mother.  After some exposure in Paris to the new ideas about painting, she remained abroad for a number of years, closely associated with the radical writer Marie David and spending some time with the Swedish art colony in Grez.  Later she returned to Denmark with Errikke Rosenorn-Lehn and adopted daughter and converted to Catholicism.  She received the papal honor cross for the altarpiece "Mary's Coronation" created for the local Catholic church.



Biography (in Danish)




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Elise Konstantin-Hansen (1858 - 1946)


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Young Lady in an Interior
1885--representative work

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A Savoy Yardboy 1886
--representative work.


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Parti fra en kirke
--representative work


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Hens on a Morning Walk 1898--representative work


An Oat Field (image unavailable)--exhibited in
Fine Arts Palace, 1893 World's Exposition.



The granddaughter of portrait painter Hans Hansen and daughter of the famous Danish artist Constantin Hansen, Elise Konstantin-Hansen took her first art lessons from her father, then from Christian Dalgaard and Laurits-Tuxen and, in Paris, from G. Leroux and  the  Royal Danish Academy of Fine Art which finally opened its long-awaited art school for women.  She also studied for a time in Italy.  She often exhibited and also is known as an innovator in ceramic art.  She wrote several memoirs and a number of articles on Danish art history.




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Johanne Cathrine Krebs ( 1848 - 1924 )


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Portrait einer Jungern
--representative work


Portrait (image unavailable)--exhibited in
Fine Arts Palace, 1893 World's Exposition.



Johanne Krebs was a Danish artist whose father was a trained medical worker and her mother a writer.  They supported her desire to receive art training, but discovered that only expensive private schools were available to women.  Johanne studied privately under Skovgaard, at William Kyne's private drawing school, and in Munich under Norwegian painter E. Petersen.  Afterwards, Johanne took up the cause of women's inadequate educational resources, lobbying loud and long in the newspapers for women to receive the same educational opportunities that men did.  Under such public pressure, the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts reluctantly opened a separate art school for women in 1888, with Johanne appointed as its inspector until 1908 when it was finally merged with the men's art school. Johanne exhibited often in Denmark and internationally.




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(Mathilde Minona Marie) Mimi Schwartzkopf Larsen (1851 - 1932)


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Before the Communion (Old Wendish Woman)--
exhibited in Fine Arts Palace, 1893 Exposition



Mimi Schwartzkopf Larsen was born in Copenhagen to the Culture Minister Christian Frederik Schwartzkopf and his second wife Minona Bianca Malvina Hostrup Schultz.   Mimi studied art in Paris in 1880-81 with E. Barrias and G. Courtois, later with Pietro Krohn, and spent the year of 1888 in Rome.  In 1892, she married the Danish writer Karl Hafdan Edvard Larsen. Evidently some art biographies list her professional name as Mimi Schwartzkopf. No more information is available (in English) online.




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Anna Sofie Petersen (1845 - 1910)

(Alternate spelling: Anne Sophie Petersen)


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Garden Exterior with Artists at their Easels
1885--representative work



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Evening with Girlfriends by Lamplight
1891--representative work



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The Violinist
--representative work.


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Laternenumzug [in honor of St. Martin day]--representative work





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Der Gottesdienst [Church service] 1890
--perhaps the painting referred to below:
"Fishermen in Church in West Jutland."

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Breton Girl Caring for Plants--
representative work.


Fishermen in Church in West Jutland
(image unavailable)--exhibited in
Fine Arts Palace, 1893 World's Exposition.



Anna Sofie Petersen was born in Copenhagen and graduated from the Industrial School for Women.  She studied art with J. J. Henner in Paris and with Viggo Johansen at the Art School for Women at the Royal Danish Art Academy in Copenhagen.  She traveled often the rest of her life, sometimes with her good friends artist J.F. Willumsen and his wife Juliette, living alternately in Italy and in Copenhagen with occasional visits to Paris and Sicily.




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Queen Louise of Denmark ( 1817-1898 )

(nee Princess of Hesse)


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Flowers [Roses and Lilies]--exhibited in the
Women's Building, 1893 Exposition



Queen Louisa of Denmark was the wife of Christian IX, King of Denmark.  She had some art training from Johan Laurentz Jensen, considered the father of Danish flower-painting, and, between 1825-40, held the position of the chief painter at the Royal Copenhagen.  No other information about her as a painter is available online.




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(Bertha) Nicoline Tuxen (1847 - 1931)


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Efterårsblomster på en karm
[Autumn flowers on ledge"]
1884--representative work


Midsummer and Growing Apple Bough (images unavailable)
--exhibited in Fine Arts Palace, 1893 Exposition.



Nicoline Tuxen took private art lessons from William Kyne because the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Art did not accept women until 1888.  Her brother was the well-known artist Laurits Tuxen. No other information (in English) is available online.




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Elisabeth (Christiane Alvina Möller) Wandel (1850 - 1926)


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Sommerdag I August Motive Fra
Bakkerne ved Hjortekjaershuset

--representative work


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Young Woman
--representative work


Evening Sun. Storm Coming On (image unavailable)
--exhibited in Fine Arts Palace, 1893 Exposition.



Elisabeth Möller Wandel was a Danish artist.  She married Oscar Andreas Wandel from Copenhagen. No other information is available online.




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Bertha Wegmann (1846 - 1926)


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Woman Sewing in an Interior
--representative work

 

 
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Woman with a Hat
--representative work

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Portrait of a Young Girl
--representative work.


 

 

Tender Moments 1877--

representative work

 

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Den svenske malerinde
Jeanna Bauck
1887
[the Swedish Painter]--
representative work


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Portrait of Jeanna Bauck
--representative work.


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Visit in the Studio--representative work



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Maternity --
representative work

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Portrait of Viggo Johansen
[Danish painter/teacher]
--representative work.


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Morning Hours --representative work


Portrait of a Lady; Portrait of an Old Lady;
A Physician; and Prospect at Jenbach
(in Tyral)
(images unavailable)--exhibited
in Fine Arts Palace, 1893 Exposition



Bertha Wegmann was born in Switzerland and studied art with F. F. Helsted, F. C. Lund, and H. Buntzen in Copenhagen, Munich, and Paris.  Her close friendship with Swedish artist Jeanne Bauck began during their Munich student days, and the two women made many study trips around Europe.  Wegmann received considerable recognition in Denmark and in Europe for her portraits and genre subjects and was the first woman to become a member of the Royal Academy Council.  She worked actively to get women admitted to the Danish Royal Academy of Art (accomplished in 1888).  From 1881 on, she lived and exhibited in Paris.




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Go to Dutch Women Painters, page 1


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These pages are for educational use only.

Text written by K. L. Nichols


Painting, top of page: Marie Konstantinovna
Bashkirtseff, In the Studio (1881).


Return to Nichols Home Page
Suggestions/Comments: knichols11@cox.net
Posted: 6-25-02; Updated: 9-25-16