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German Women Painters:

1893 Chicago World's Fair and Exposition


Compiled by K. L. Nichols




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This Page:
Carola Baer-von Mathes
Jeanna Bauck
Hanna Bieber-Boehm
Hermine Biedermann
Paula Bonte
Helene Cramer
Molly Cramer
Clara Elizabeth Fischer
Fanny Geiger-Weishaupt
Elise Hedinger
Ernestine Hirschler
Dora Hitz



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Carola Baer-von Mathes (1857 - 1940)


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Landscape with Cows c. 1890--representative work.



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Waldteich mit Enten--representative work.


Evening (image unavailable)--exhibited in Rotunda,
Women's Building, 1893 Exposition.


Carola Baer-von Mathes was born in Munich.  She married landscape painter Fritz Baer who may also have been her teacher, and she taught art at the Munich Ladies Academy.  No further information is available online.




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Jeanna Maria Charlotta Bauck (1840 - 1926)


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Danish Artist Bertha Wegman Painting
a Portrait
--representative work.



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Portrait--
representative work.

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Portrait of the Countess
Pocci
--representative work.


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Girl with Cat in Bed--
representative work.



Summer Evening (image unavailable)--exhibited
in Rotunda, Women's Building, 1893 Exposition.


Jeanna Bauck was born in Stockhom to a Swedish mother and a German composer father, and her early education was almost exclusively musical until she began studying art in Dresden, Dusseldorf, Munich, and Paris.  Primarily a landscape painter, she traveled extensively to the Alps, the Black Forest, and seaside in search of subject matter, but she was also known for her portraits.




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Hanna (Elmira Flora) Bieber-Boehm (1851 - 1910)


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A Vision--might possibly be Ahasver, the Wandering
Jew
(image unavailable)--exhibited in the Rotunda,
Women's Building, 1893 Exposition



Hanna Bieber-Boehm was born in East Prussia into the large family of Otto Boehm and his wife. When her mother died, Hanna, as the eldest child, assumed mothering duties until she was in her early twenties and her widowed father re-married. Finally she was freed to study art with Snow, Gussow, and Saltzman in Berlin and then in Paris, Munich and Italy. Settling in Berlin, she was a member of the Association of Berlin artists and was also active as a writer. After her marriage to Jewish lawyer Richard Bieber, her interests turned mostly to social welfare and the women rights movement in which she played an active role.  In addition to exhibiting at the 1893 Exposition, she was also part of the German delegation to the Women's Congress which met in the Women's Building at the 1893 World's Fair.




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Hermine Biedermann-Arendts (1855 - 1916)


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Collie verfolgt einen Frosch [Collie
chasing a Frog]
--representative work.



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Nach der Jagd [After the
Hunt]
--representative work.

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Hunting Dog--
representative work.


The First Booty (image unavailable)--
exhibited in Fine Arts Palace, 1893 Exposition.


Hermine Biedermann-Arendts was a German artist born in München. She studied under August von Heckel and Heinrich von Zügel and became the head of an art school for women. No other information is available online.




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Paula Bonte (1840 - 1902 )


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Mountain Lands (image unavailable)----representative work.



Chamonix, Switzerland (image unavailable)--exhibited
in Rotunda, Women's Building, 1893 Exposition.


Paula Bonte was born in Magdeburg, Germany, and studied in Berlin under Eduard Pape and then under Otto Werner Henning von Kamecke, as well as in northern Italy, Switzerland, and northern Germany, all of which places were frequently shown in her paintings.  No other information is available online.




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Hélène Cramer (1844 - 1916)


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A Flowering Branch
--representative work.



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Flower Still Life--
representative work.

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Summer Flowers--
representative work.


Clematis(image unavailable)--exhibited
in Fine Arts Palace, 1893 Exposition.


Roses (image unavailable)--exhibited
in Rotunda, Women's Building, 1893 Exposition.



Forbidden to become artists by their father Cesar Cramer (a wealthy Hamburg merchant), Hélène Cramer and her sister Molly began studying art only after their father's death. First they studied with Hamburg artist Theobald Riefesell, followed by the painters Carl Rodeck and Hinrich Wrage. Then, in 1890, they went to Antwerp to train under Eugène Joors and came to the attention of the art gallery director Alfred Lichtwark who influenced Hélène to specialize in floral still lifes which she exhibited in Germany. No other information is available online in English.




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Molly Cramer (1852 - 1936)




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Dunes on the Island of Sylt--
representative work.

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Birken Street in Spring--
representative work.


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Still Life with Fruit and Flowers
--representative work.


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Fruit--exhibited in Rotunda, Women's
Building, 1893 Exposition.


Peaches (image unavailable)--exhibited
in Fine Arts Palace, 1893 Exposition.



Forbidden to become artists by their father Cesar Cramer (a wealthy Hamburg merchant), Molly Cramer and her sister Hélène began studying art only after their father's death. First they studied with Hamburg artist Theobald Riefesell, followed by the painters Carl Rodeck and Hinrich Wrage. Then, in 1890, they went to Antwerp to train under Eugène Joors. Molly specialized in landscapes and portraits and enjoyed an international reputation. No other information is available online in English.




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Clara Elizabeth Fischer (1856 - after 1900)


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Friedrich Wilhelm III empfängt Achard
[1799 audience of Berlin chemist Franz Carl Achard
with the King] 1903--representative work.



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Morning Prayer--exhibited in the Rotunda,
Women's Building, 1893 Exposition.



Clara Elizabeth Fischer was born in Berlin and studied under Biermann and Julius Jacob.  She specialized in portraits and genre subjects.  No other information is available online.




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Fanny (Edle) von Geiger-Weishaupt (1862 - 1931)


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Ein Vorfrhlingsmittag
auf der Hofgartenterasse

1894--
representative work.

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Frühlingslandschaft mit
Wassermühle am Bach
--
representative work.


Landscape--Spring (image unavailable)--
exhibited in Fine Arts Palace, 1892 Exposition.



Fanny Geiger-Weishaupt was a German painter, born at Edenbergen near Augsburg, who studied with Karl Gebhardt at the Royal School of Applied Arts and privately with Ludwig Herterich at Women's College. She married landscape and animal painter Victor Weishaupt. No other information is available online.




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Elise Neumann Hedinger (1854-1923)


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Still Life--
representative work.

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Onions and Leeks on a Table
1889--representative work.


Still Life (image unavailable)--exhibited in
Rotunda, Women's Building, 1892 Exposition.



Elise Neumann Hedinger was born in Berlin into a merchant family. She studied art with Hoguet, Hertel, and Gussow in Berlin and with Bracht in Paris. "Hedinger" is her married name. (Note: The official Exposition records list her first name incorrectly as "Eliese.")




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Ernestine Hirschler (Kunwald) (1843 - 1904)


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Lebensabend 1888--
representative work.

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In the Atelier--this picture
may be My Studio which
was exhibited in Fine Arts
Palace, 1893 Exposition.


Ernestine Hirschler-Kunwald was born in Munich to Jakob and Therese Kunwald and studied art with J. M. Aigner in Wien and later in München and Weimar where she evidently lived for the rest of her life. She married Adolf Edmund Hirschler and had two children, Georg and Marie. No other information is available online.




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Dora (Lorenz) Hitz (1856 - 1924)


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Girl in the Poppy-seed Field 1891--representative work.



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Der Blumenkelch--
representative work.

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Dämmerüng [Twilight]--
representative work.


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The Sun Child--
representative work.



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Mother and Child--This may or may
not be the "Mother and Child" work
exhibited in the Rotunda, Women's
Building, 1893 Exposition.


Dora Hitz was born at Altdorf, near Nuremberg, and studied art with Lindenschmit at a women's art school in Munich and later, in Paris, with Merson, Courtois, Constant, and Carriere.  At the request of the Queen of Romania, she went to Bucharest and created illustrations for the Queen's poem "Ada."  Later in Berlin , she focused on portraits and founded a women's art school in 1894.  Hitz was a co-founder of the modern group of painters called the Berlin Secession.  After her death, her "Dämmerung" painting was seized by the Third Reich and later impounded by the East German authorities.



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Go to German Women Painters, p. 2


Return to Women Painters Index


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These pages are for educational use only.

Text written by K. L. Nichols


Painting, top of page: Marie Konstantinovna
Bashkirtseff, In the Studio (1881).


Return to Nichols Home Page
Suggestions/Comments: knichols11@cox.net
Posted: 6-25-02; Updated: 10-10-16