*

French Women Painters

1893 Chicago World's Fair and Exposition


Compiled by K. L. Nichols




*

*



This Page:
Louise Abbema
Marie Bashkirtseff
Juliette Peyrol Bonheur
Rosa Bonheur



*

*


Louise Abbéma (1858 - 1927)


Self-Portrait--
representative work


*

In the Flowers
1892--representative work.

*

Portrait of a Parisian
Gentleman
--
representative work.



*

Portrait of Sarah Bernhardt
en tenue de ville
[Bernhardt
in informal but elegant attire]

1875--exhibited in
the 1876 Exposition.

*

Hunting with Hounds
[Sarah Bernhardt]--exhibited
in Rotunda, Woman's
Building, 1893 Exposition.


*

Japan -- exhibited in Fine
Arts Palace, 1893 Exposition.

*

La Japonaise--
may suggest some of the
color effects of the
"Japan" image on the left.


*

On the Cliff [Sarah Bernhardt] 1889
--exhibited in Rotunda, Woman's
Building, 1893 Exposition.

*

On the Cliff (selection)
--exhibited in Rotunda,
Woman's Building,
1893 Exposition.


*

Portrait of Charles Garnier,
Architect of the Paris Opera House

(drypoint)--exhibited in West
Gallery, Woman's Building,
1893 Exposition.

*

Portrait of Painter Carolus-Duran
(drypoint)--exhibited West
Gallery, Woman's Building,
1893 Exposition.


See Abbema's two Wall Murals in the
French Section of the Woman's building.


Portrait of M. Abbéma 1887 (image
unavailable)--exhibited in the Rotunda,
Woman's Building, 1893 Exposition.



Louise Abbéma was a Belle Époque painter-engraver-sculptor who was born in Étampes to viscount Emile-Léon Abbéma and his wife Henriette-Anne-Sophia d'Astoin. This wealthy Parisian family encouraged her interest in art, and her art studies began briefly in her early teens with Charles Chaplin but, more extensively, in the women's studio of Jean-Jacques Henner and Carolus-Duran.  She became famous at age twenty-three for her portrait of actress Sarah Bernhardt who later would create her sculpture of Abbéma. The close relationship between them was lifelong. Although known for her decorative high society paintings and exhibiting regularly in France, Abbéma also created numerous decorative ceilings and panels for private homes and illustrations for books and other publications.  Abbéma was made Knight of the Legion of Honor in 1906.




*


Marie Konstantinovna Bashkirtseff (c. 1858 - 1884)

(Alternate spellings: Mariya or Mariia Bashkirtseva)



*

Self-Portrait with Palette
c. 1883--representative work.



*

Artist's Sister-in-Law 1881
--representative work.

*

Portrait of Woman 1882--
representative work.



*

Jean et Jacques 1883--
exhibited in Rotunda,
Women's Building,
1893 Exposition.




*

In the Studio 1881--(image
of her fellow students
at Académie Julian).




The family of Marie Bashkirtseff were minor Russian nobility, but Bashkirtseff grew up in exile in France. She studied art at the Académie Julian under Bastien-Lepage and often used the pseudonyms Marie Constantin Russ and Andrei on her earlier exhibited paintings. Dying young of tuberculosis, this Ukrainian artist still managed to achieve some fame for her pictures of the working class children of Paris; The Meeting was purchased by the French government. To her, those street boys had "a liveliness and freedom from the artifices" of society that upper-class women did not. Bashkirtseff was also the author of I Am the Most Interesting Book of All, her popular diary still in print today.



Two Views of Marie Bashkirtseff--several images included

Marie Bashkirtseff--1889 Scribner's article summarizing her life and famous journal in some detail.




*


Juliette Peyrol Bonheur (1830 - 1891)


*

Sheep Grazing in a Wooded Clearing (1869)--
representative work.



*

Cows Grazing on a Cliff by the Sea--
this painting may beCows on the Beach
exhibited in Fine Arts Palace, 1893 Exposition.



Sister of the famous painter Rosa Bonheur, Juliette Peyrol Bonheur was also an animal painter who painted under the name "Peyrol Bonheur." Juliette and Rosa were trained by their artist-father Raymond Bonheur. She married Hippolyte Peyrol, whose bronze foundry issued sculpture by Rosa and  their brother, Isidore-Jules Bonheur.




*


(Marie-Rosalie) Rosa Bonheur (1822 - 1899)


*

Horse Fair 1853--her most famous work.


*

Highland Raid--representative work.
Or could this be After a Storm in the Highlands which
was exhibited in Fine Arts Palace, 1893 Exposition?




*

Portrait of a Young Bull--
exhibited in the Woman's
Building, 1893 Exposition.

*

Head of a Lioness--
exhibited in the Woman's
Building, 1893 Exposition.



*

King of the Forest 1878--
exhibited in the Fine Arts
Palace, 1893 Exposition.

*

Portrait of Buffalo Bill Cody--
representative work.



*

A Humble Servant 1881--
exhibited in the Fine Arts
Palace, 1893 Exposition.

*

Two Boars--exhibited in
the Fine Arts Palace
Building, 1893 Exposition.





*

Pastorale --exhibited in the Fine
Arts Palace, 1893 Exposition.

*

Sheep in the Highland 1879--
It is unclear which "sheep" painting Bonheur
displayed in the Fine Arts Palace at the 1893
Exposition, but this famous one has the "blue
sky" and "fleecy  clouds" and the "play of
light and shadow" described by one source.



*

The Stampede (or The Overthrow or The Wild Flight)
--exhibited in Fine Arts Palace, 1893 Exposition.


Spanish Cattle (image unavailable)--
exhibited in Woman's Building, 1893 Exposition.



Born in Bordeaux, the French artist Rosa Bonheur was probably the most famous woman artist to exhibit at the 1893 World Fair.  She and her two brothers and sister were trained by her artist father (Raymond Bonheur) who was a believer in gender equality.  He encouraged her love of art and of animals.  As an adult, Bonheur had to get a permit from the police to wear trousers so that she could visit the slaughterhouses where she studied the animal anatomy that would characterize her art, and she would later keep a small menagerie of lions and other animals for inspiration.  Famous for her unconventional life, Bonheur wore short hair and pants, smoked cigarettes, and had a female companion.  In 1853, her life-size painting The Horse Fair brought her international fame.  Bonheur was the first woman to be awarded the Grand Cross of the Legion of Honor (1864).



Rosa (Marie Rosalie) Bonheur--biography & 2 animal sculptures




*

*



Go to French Women Painters, p. 2


Return to Women Painters Index


Return to Site Index



*

*


These pages are for educational use only.

Text written by K. L. Nichols


Painting, top of page: Marie Konstantinovna
Bashkirtseff, In the Studio (1881).


Return to Nichols Home Page
Suggestions/Comments: knichols11@cox.net
Posted: 6-25-02; Updated: 2-27-18