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Russian Women Painters:

1893 Chicago World's Fair and Exposition


Compiled by K.L. Nichols




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This Page:
Olga Bariatinsky
Olga Beggrow-Hartmann
Princess Imeretinsky
Sophia Ivanovna Kramskaya
Mlle. Olsonfieff
Yelena Polenova
Elena Karlovna Vrangel



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Princess Olga Bariatinsky (1881-1974)


Summer Landscape with
Artist's Children, Figlie and
Loeuille, Observing Orchids

--representative work.




Portrait de Louis Duchesne
--representative work


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Still Life--
representative work.


Portrait of Prince Bariatinsky
--exhibited in the Woman's
Building, 1893 Exposition.


Female figure, sketch from nature (image
unavailable)--exhibited in the
Woman's Building, 1893 Exposition




Born Olga Berestovska´a, Princess Olga Bariatinsky was a princess of the Russian imperial family, married to Prince Vladimir Vladimirovitch Bariatinsky. Her sister-in-law was Princess Anatole Marie Bariatinsky, author of My Russian Life (1923).  However, it is unclear if this information is correct since the only online entry for a Princess Bariatinsky who was born Olga Berestovska´a is  Olga (Olga Alexe´evna) Princesse Bariatinsky (born Berestovsky), 1881 - 1974.  But that would make her 12 years old at the time of the 1893 World's Fair, a rather young age to be exhibiting.  Another site--Invaluable--lists her birth-death dates as 1814-1875, but that is unusual also since the exhibition featured the works of living artists, except for a few clearly labeled retrospective exhibits.




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Olga Feodorovna Beggrow-Hartmann (1862-1922)


An einen Brunnen gelehnt stehender
weiblicher Akt mit FlŘgeln, einen Schmetterling
beobachtend
[Leaning on a fountain a standing female
nude, watching a butterfly]
1892--representative work



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Still-life with Fish
--representative work.

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[title unknown]--This image may be
A Child's Head. Enfant au Biberon
(1892)--which was exhibited in the
Woman's Building, 1893 Exposition.



[title unknown]--representative work


The Bilberries are Ripe (image unavailable)--
exhibited in the Woman's Building, 1893 Exposition





Although Olga Beggrow-Hartmann was born in Heidelburg, Germany and studied art at the Stuttgart Academy of Art with Nikolaus von Gruenewaldt und Ferdinand Kellery, her paintings were shown as part of the Russian Exhibition at the 1893 Exposition. She was the grand-daughter of the lithograph artist Ivan Petrovic Beggrow and the wife of painter Karl Hartmann, and was actively engaged in her art in Stuttgart, St. Petersburg, and MŘnchen.




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Princess A. Imeretinsky (19th Century)

[Spelled "Imiretinski" in the official 1893 Exposition records]



Landscape--exhibited in
the Woman's Building,
1893 Exposition.



Landscape--which was
exhibited in the Woman's
Building, 1893 Exposition.



Princess Imeretinsky was a Russian painter.  No other information is available online.




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Sophia Ivanovna Junker Kramskaya (1866 or 1867-1933)

[Listed as "Mlle. Kramskoi" in the official 1893 Exposition records]



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Portrait of a Girl--representative work.



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Her Majesty Empress of
Russia
[Maria Fyodorovna]
--exhibited in the
Woman's Building,
1893 Exposition.


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Grand Duke Konstantin
Konstantinovich as Hamlet
in the theatre play by
William Shakespeare on
February 21st, 1899
1899--
representative work.


Sophia Ivanovna Kramskaya was a talented girl in a Russian household full of brothers, but was evidently a favorite of her father, the famous painter Ivan N. Kramskoy, who was also her first art teacher. She lived in Paris in the early 1890s and was a member of the group called the Artistic Circle of Women. Sophia frequently exhibited, and both daughter and father painted several portraits of the members of the imperial family. After her husband, St. Petersburg lawyer George Junker, died in 1916, followed by a decade or more of political revolution and turmoil, Sophia was accused of counter-revolutionary propaganda and sentenced to three years in Siberian exile, although she spent most of those years in prison hospitals due to ill health. In 1933 the artist died "in mysterious circumstances." Her name was not "rehabilitated" until 1989, some eighty years after her death.




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Mlle. T. Olsonfieff (19th Century)


The Banks of the Oka--exhibited in the Library of
the Women's Building, 1893 Exposition.



Mlle. Olsonfieff was a Russian painter.  I have tried various spellings--Olsuffief, Olsuffiev, Olsuvief, Olsufjev (all acceptable alternatives)--but can find no information about a woman painter by this name.




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Yelena or Elena (Dmitrievna) Polenova (1850 - 1898)

[Listed as "Helena Polienoff" in the official 1893 Exposition records.]


Portrait of Alexander Golovi n
(in Spanish Costume)
1888
--representative work.



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Icon-painting Workshop
in the 16th Century
1887
--representative work.



Etudientes en Anatomie
Anatomy Students] 1880s
--representative work.





Paysage aux Corbeaux
[Landscape with Crows]
--representative work.


Creek in Abramtsevo
1888--representative work.



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Illustration for a Russian folktale
[title unknown]--representative work





After the Bath--
exhibited in the Fine Arts
Palace, 1893 Exposition.


Zhar-ptitsa [Firebird]--
representative work.



Before the Examination (image unavailable)--
exhibited in the Fine Art Palace, 1893 Exposition



Yelena (or Elena or Helena) Polenova was born into a family of writers, scientists, and artists.  Her father Dmitry Vasilyevich Polenov was an archelogist and historian and her mother Elena Dmitrievna was an artist and children's writer. Her brother Vasily was also an artist, but Elena did not begin studying art until she was nearly 30 (in response to a failed romance).  Because the Academy of Arts was not open to women at that time, she studied under Ivan Kramskoi in the women's department at the St. Petersburg Drawing School for Auditors in 1864, at Charles Chaplin's studio in Paris in 1869-70, and, in St. Petersburg again, at Pavel Chistyakov's private studio  in 1870-77 and the School of Drawing of the Society for Encouragement of the Arts  in 1878-80. Moving to Moscow, she became involved with the Abramtsevo circle  dedicated to preserving Russian folk art and handicrafts.  She and Savva Mamontov organized a carpentry and wood-carving studio where she designed furniture and carvings. Her illustrations for Russian folk tales (see above) helped define the Russian version of Art Nouveau by the turn-of-the century, but she continued to produce more realistic paintings also.





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Baroness Elena Karlovna Vrangel (1835 - 1906)

[Listed as "Helena Wrangel" in the official 1893 Exposition records]



 

Einsames Boot an der Kuste
[A Solitary Boat on the Coast]

--representative work.



Arabian Motif--
representative work.



Landscape--unclear if this painting is
 the "Landscape" exhibited in the
Fine Arts Palace, 1893 Exposition.



Daughter of General of cavalry Baron K.E. Wrangel, Elena Karlovna Vrangel was a landscape and animal painter born in Novgorod, Russia.  She was educated at home and, in 1865-6, audited classes at the Moscow school of painting. She also studied under B. O. Sherwood for a year and later attended the AcadÚmie Julian in Paris; she may have also studied for a time with Pavel Petrovich Chistyakov (associated with the Imperial Academy of Arts).  In 1870, from the Imperial Academy of Arts, she received the title of Academy neklassnogo artist and, in 1872, the Great Medal of Honor.  She became a member of the Imperial Academy of Arts in 1874 and traveled in the 1880s to Germany, Italy, Belgium, France, Finland, and Switzerland.





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These pages are for educational use only.

Text written by K. L. Nichols


Painting, top of page: Marie Konstantinovna
Bashkirtseff, In the Studio (1881).


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Suggestions/Comments: knichols11@cox.net
Posted: 6-25-02; Updated: 02-23-18