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Canadian Women Painters

1893 Chicago World's Fair and Exposition


Compiled by K. L. Nichols




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This Page:
Mary E. Dignam
Mary Bell Eastlake
Emma May Martin
Laura Muntz Lyall
Mary H. Reid
Gertrude Spurr Cutts



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Mary Ella (Williams) Dignam (1857 - 1938)


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Stream in Spring
--representative work


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Dutch Interior with Wool Spinners
--representative work



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Peonies--
representative work

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This may or may not be In the Vineyard
which was exhibited in the Fine
Arts Palace, 1893 Exposition.



Still Life, Pumpkin (image unavailable)--
exhibited in Fine Arts Palace, 1893 Exposition.



Mary E. Dignam (née Williams) was born in Port Burwell, Ontario and studied art at the Ontario Western School of Art and Design;  her subsequent studies were in New York at the Art Students League and in Paris at the atelier of Luc-Oliver Merson and Raphaël Colin.  In addition to exhibiting in Canada and abroad, she was the first Head of the Department of Art at McMaster University, founder of the Women's Art Association of Canada, founder of the first International Society of Women Painters and Sculptors, and a tireless worker for women's equal opportunities in the art world.




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Mary Alexandra Bell Eastlake (1864 - 1951)

[Alternate spellings:  Alexandre or Alessandra]



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Happiness 1892--
representative work



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Fairy Tales 1900--
representative work.


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Three Women--representative work



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The Cottage, Twilight
--representative work


Portrait of a Lady; September Evening, Lake Huron;
and Summer Time (images unavailable) --
exhibited in Fine Arts Palace, 1893 Exposition.



Born in Douglas, Ontario, Mary Alexandra Bell Eastlake studied art in Montreal with Robert Harris, in New York at the Art Students League, and in Paris at the Academie Colarossi with Laurens, Bouguereau, Fleury, and Courtois.   She taught art in Montreal, but often traveled abroad, while exhibiting in America and England. Before her marriage, she signed her work M.A. Bell and after her marriage to English landscape artist and director of Chelsea Polytechnic Charles Herbert Eastlake, as M.A. Eastlake. Although she resided in England during most of her career, she returned to Canada in her later years and resumed an active artistic life.




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Emma May Martin (1865 - 1957)


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Apples in a Basket 1886--representative work




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Landscape
--representative work

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Canoeing at Sunset 1897--
representative work.


Late Twilight (image unavailable)--
exhibited in Fine Arts Palace, 1893 Exposition.



Emma May Martin was the daughter of the well-known Toronto artist Thomas Mower Martin who immigrated from London to Ontario before she was born and of Emma Nichols Martin. Emma and her eight younger siblings were all involved in the arts as children taught at home by private tutors, and her father was her first art teacher. Later she studied at the Toronto Art School and the Central Ontario School of Art and Design under Marmaduke Matthews and George A. Reid.   Frequently exhibiting, she also taught at the Presbyterian Ladies’ College in Toronto, as well as giving private lessons in her own studio. She is known primarily for her watercolor landscapes and still lifes.




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Laura (Adeline) Muntz Lyall (1860 - 1930)


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Narcisse de Bois
--representative work


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Oriental Poppies--
representative work


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Young Girl Holding
Daffodils
--
representative work.



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The Lesson--
representative work


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Mother and Child 1895--
representative work.



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Portrait of Alan Wood
at Foxbar (2 years old)

1917--representative work

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Portrait of a Child
[title unknown]--
representative work.


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Interesting Story
--representative work


A Fairy Tale (image unavailable)--
exhibited in Fine Arts Palace, 1893 Exposition.



Laura Muntz Lyall was born in Radford, Warwickshire, England, but her family immigrated to Canada when she was quite young and she grew up on a farm in the Muskoka District of Ontario. She began her art studies with William Charles Forster and, at the Ontario School of Art, with Lucius Richard O'Brien and, later, George Agnew Reid. After brief studies at the South Kensington School of Art, she accepted a seven-year scholarship in Paris, France and studied at the renowned Académie Colarossi where she was influenced by the new Impressionist style.  The first Canadian woman artist to receive recognition abroad, Lyall was also the first woman asked to exhibit with the Canadian Art Club; her work was very popular in the late 19th Century through the early 20th Century.  At age 55, Lyall married her widowed brother-in-law Charles W.B. Lyall and gave up art to raise his eleven motherless children, but she returned to painting at age 64.




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Mary (Augusta) Hiester Reid (1854 - 1921)


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Still Life with Pink Roses--
representative work


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Chrysanthemums 1891--
This may or may not be the
painting "Chrysanthemums"
exhibited in the Fine Arts
Palace, 1893 Exposition.


Roses and Still Life and October Sunshine
(images unavailable)--exhibited
in Fine Arts Palace, 1893 Exposition.



Mary Hiester Reid was born in Reading, Pennsylvania and studied under Thomas Eakins at the Pennsylvania Academy of Art where she met her future Canadian artist-husband George A. Reid.  She also studied in Paris. The Reids settled in Toronto and often summered  at Candace Wheeler's art colony in Onteora, NY.  Reid was an elected member of the Ontario Society of Artists, an associate of the Royal Canadian Academy (women were not allowed to be elected), and the first female painter to have a solo show.



A Turn of the Century Toronto Artist--biography/commentary




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Gertrude Eleanor Spurr Cutts (1858 - 1941)


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Coming upon the Homestead 1892--
representative work

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Portrait of a Young Woman--
representative work.


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Newfoundland's Rocky Coastline--
representative work



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Sorting the Catch 1900--
representative work.


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Moonlit River--
representative work

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Derwentwater from Water-Lily Bay 1887--
representative work.


Boston Stump, Grand River, Flora, Point
Levi
, By the Lake Shore, Mimico Creek,
and Rapids above the Falls (images
unavailable)--exhibited in Fine Arts
Palace, 1893 Exposition.



Born in Yorkshire, England, Gertrude Spurr Cutts studied art at the local Scarborough School of Art, the Lambeth Art School in London, and, privately, with E.H. Holder in England, as well as at the Art Students' League in New York in 1900. She exhibited in England, but joined her family in 1891 in Canada where, in 1909, she married Toronto artist William Cutts. Both English and Canadian subjects can be found in her works; she continued exhibiting in England and America.




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These pages are for educational use only.

Text written by K. L. Nichols


Painting, top of page: Marie Konstantinovna
Bashkirtseff, In the Studio (1881).


Return to Nichols Home Page
Suggestions/Comments: knichols11@cox.net
Posted: 6-25-02; Updated: 10-19-16