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Canadian Women Painters:

1893 Chicago World's Fair and Exposition


Compiled by K. L. Nichols




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This Page:
Mary E. Dignam
Mary Bell Eastlake
Emma May Martin
Laura Muntz Lyall
Mary H. Reid
Gertrude Spurr Cutts



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Mary Ella (Williams) Dignam (1857 - 1938)


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Stream in Spring
--representative work


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Dutch Interior with Wool Spinners
--representative work



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Peonies--
representative work

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This may or may not be In the Vineyard
which was exhibited in the Fine
Arts Palace, 1893 Exposition.



Still Life, Pumpkin (image unavailable)--
exhibited in Fine Arts Palace, 1893 Exposition.



Mary E. Dignam was born in Ontario and studied art at the Ontario Western School of Art and Design;  her subsequent studies were in New York at the Art Students League and in Paris at the atelier of Oliver Mercon and Raphael Colin.  In addition to exhibiting in Canada and abroad, she was the first Head of the Department of Art at McMaster University, founder of the Women's Art Association of Canada, founder of the first International Society of Women Painters and Sculptors, and a tireless worker for women's equal opportunities in the art world.




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Mary Alexandra Bell Eastlake (1864 - 1951)

[Alternate spellings:  Alexandre or Alessandra]



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Happiness 1892--
representative work



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Fairy Tales 1900--
representative work.


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Three Women--representative work



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The Cottage, Twilight
--representative work


Portrait of a Lady; September Evening, Lake Huron;
and Summer Time (images unavailable) --
exhibited in Fine Arts Palace, 1893 Exposition.



Born in Ontario, Mary Alexandra Bell Eastlake studied art in Montreal with Robert Harris, in New York at the Art Students League, and in Paris at the Academie Colarossi with Laurens, Bouguereau, Fleury, and Courtois.   She taught art in Montreal, but often traveled abroad, while exhibiting in America and England. Before her marriage, she signed her work M.A. Bell and after her marriage to English landscape artist Charles Herbert Eastlake, as M.A. Eastlake.




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Emma May Martin (1865 - 1957)


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Apples in a Basket 1886--representative work


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Canoeing at Sunset 1897--representative work


Late Twilight (image unavailable)--
exhibited in Fine Arts Palace, 1893 Exposition.



Emma May Martin was the daughter of artist Thomas Mower Martin who immigrated from London to Ontario before she was born.  He was her first teacher, followed by studies at the Toronto Art School and the Central Ontario School of Art and Design under Marmaduke Matthews and George A. Reid.   Frequently exhibiting, she also taught at the Presbyterian Ladies’ College in Toronto, as well as giving private lessons in her own studio.




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Laura (Adeline) Muntz Lyall (1860 - 1930)


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Narcisse de Bois
--representative work


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Oriental Poppies--
representative work


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Young Girl Holding
Daffodils
--
representative work.



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The Lesson--
representative work


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Mother and Child 1895--
representative work.



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Portrait of Alan Wood
at Foxbar (2 years old)

1917--representative work

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Portrait of a Child
[title unknown]--
representative work.


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Interesting Story
--representative work


A Fairy Tale (image unavailable)--
exhibited in Fine Arts Palace, 1893 Exposition.



Laura Muntz Lyall was born in England, but her family immigrated to Ontario, Canada when she was quite young.  She studied art at the Académie Colarossi in Paris where she absorbed the new Impressionist style.  The first Canadian woman artist to receive recognition abroad, Lyall was also the first woman asked to exhibit with the Canadian Art Club; her work was very popular in the late 19th Century through the early 20th Century.  At age 55, Lyall gave up art to raise her deceased sister's eleven children, but she returned to painting at age 64.




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Mary (Augusta) Hiester Reid (1854 - 1921)


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Still Life with Pink Roses--
representative work


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Chrysanthemums 1891--
This may or may not be the
painting "Chrysanthemums"
exhibited in the Fine Arts
Palace, 1893 Exposition.


Roses and Still Life and October Sunshine
(image unavailable)--exhibited
in Fine Arts Palace, 1893 Exposition.



Mary Hiester Reid was born in Pennsylvania and studied under Thomas Eakins at the Pennsylvania Academy of Art where she met her future Canadian artist-husband George A. Reid.  She also studied in Paris. The Reids settled in Toronto and often summered  at Candace Wheeler's art colony in Onteora, NY.  Reid was an elected member of the Ontario Society of Artists, an associate of the Royal Canadian Academy (women were not allowed to be elected), and the first female painter to have a solo show.



A Turn of the Century Toronto Artist--biography/commentary




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Gertrude Eleanor Spurr Cutts (1858 - 1941)


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Low Tides, St. Ives 1892--
representative work

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Sorting the Catch 1900--
representative work.


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Harvest Time--
representative work

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Wooded Stream--
representative work.


Boston Stump, Grand River, Flora, Point
Levi
, By the Lake Shore, Mimico Creek,
and Rapids above the Falls (image
unavailable)--exhibited in Fine Arts
Palace, 1893 Exposition.



Born in England, Gertrude Spurr Cutts studied art at the Scarborough School of Art, the Lambeth Art School, and with E.H. Holder in England, as well as in New York.  She moved to Canada in 1891 and married Toronto artist William Cutts in 1909.  Both English and Canadian subjects can be found in her works.




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Go to Danish Women Painters


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These pages are for educational use only.

Text written by K. L. Nichols


Painting, top of page: Marie Konstantinovna
Bashkirtseff, In the Studio (1881).


Return to Nichols Home Page
Suggestions/Comments: knichols11@cox.net
Posted: 6-25-02; Updated: 10-19-16