*

U. S. Women Painters:

1893 Chicago World's Fair and Exposition


Compiled by K. L. Nichols



*

*



This Page:
Maria A'Becket
Ellen K. Baker
Martha S. Baker
Mary K. Baker
Addie L. Ballou
Cecilia Beaux
Sarah E. Bender
Enella Benedict
Susan Hinckley Bradley
Christine S. Bredin
Fidelia Bridges



*

*


Maria J. C. A'Becket (1839-1904)

(Alternate designation: Maria Graves Beckett or M. G. Beckett)


*

Landscape--representative work


*

Seascape--representative work


The Storm (image unavailable)--exhibited in
the Rotunda, Women's Building, 1893 Exposition


Maria A'Becket, born in Maine, received her first art instruction from her father Charles E. Beckett, a drug store owner and amateur landscape painter. She later studied in Boston with William Morris Hunt and Homer Dodge Martin and in Paris with Charles Daubigny. While in Europe, she changed her name to A'Becket. Although she seems to have exhibited often, she has only recently been "rediscovered," partly for her "modern" blending of expressionist and tonalist styles and her use of a pallet-knife with chunks of paint before that style gained general popularity. Some see her seascapes as even prefiguring abstract expressionism.



*


Ellen Kendall Baker (Thompson) (1839-1913)



*

Mother and Baby
--representative work


*

The Young Artist
--representative work


San Souci (image unavailable)--oil
exhibited in Fine Arts Palace, 1893 Exposition.



Ellen Kendall Baker was born in New York and received her training in Paris from Charles Miller, Paul Soyer, and the English artist Harry Thompson (her future husband).  She often exhibited in the United States and abroad.   No other information is available online.



*


Martha Susan Baker (1871-1911)


*

Portrait of a Woman (ivory miniature)
--representative work


Sketches (images unavailable)--exhibited in
Illinois building, 1893 World's Exposition.



Born into an affluent Indiana family, Martha S. Baker was trained at the Art Institute of Chicago and by Charles Woodbury in Maine.  Well-known for her miniature portraits as well as her watercolors and oils, Baker died at age 40 from a ruptured appendix.



*


Mary Katherine Baker (c. 1841 - 1934)


*

A Cottage Nestled in the Woods--representative work



*

Bouquet of Flowers--representative work


Autumn Flowers (Chrysanthemums) (image unavailable)--
exhibited in Fine Arts Palace, 1893 Exposition


Mary Katherine Baker was born in New Bedford, MA, and evidently a largely self-taught artist.  She was actively involved in the Boston artistic community, exhibiting in both Boston and Philadelphia during the 1870s and 1880s.  Her paintings are signed "M K Baker."  No other information is available online.




*


(Adeline) Addie Lucia Hart Ballou (1837 - 1916)


*

A Desert Rider 1885--representative work



Portrait of Mrs. Leland Stanford (image unavailable) c. 1893--
exhibited in the Rotunda, Women's Building, 1893 Exposition



The mother of five children, Addie L. Ballou was also an artist, suffragist lobbyist, Spiritualist medium and trance-speaker, Civil War nurse, published poet and writer, and socialist reformer. She was born into a very large family, losing her mother at a young age (her father who helped operate the Underground Railroad before the Civil War remarried three more times) and grew up in Ohio and Wisconsin where, at age fifteen, she married Albert Darius Ballou. She was largely self-educated, but did receive limited art training at the San Francisco School of Design after the family moved to California in 1870. She spent three years painting in Australia (approximately 1882-1885) as well as in California when she returned.



*


Cecilia Beaux (1855-1942)


*

Self-portrait--representative work



*

Portrait of a Boy (Cecil Kent Drinker)
1891--exhibited in the Fine
Arts Palace, 1893 Exposition.



*

Man with the Cat (Henry Sturgis Drinker)
[National Museum of American Art, Smithsonian]
--(or here) 1898--portrait of her brother-in-law.



*

Probably the unfinished version of Twilight Confidences--
exhibited in the Rotunda, Women's Building, 1893 Exposition.
See Study of Two Breton Women, Conameau France
on right side of this web page.

*

Study of Two Breton Women, Concameauc France
1888. Image/comments here.  Add a hayfield on the
left and this study is similar to Twilight Confidences
exhibited in the Rotunda, Women's Building,
1893 Exposition.


*

Last Days of Infancy 1885--exhibited
in Fine Arts Palace, 1893 Exposition.



Born in Philadelphia, Cecilia Beaux was raised by maternal relatives after her mother died following childbirth and her French father returned to his native country.  She received her art education from artist-relative Catherine Drinker who taught at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts (where Beaux later became its first full-time woman teacher) and from Robert-Fleury, Bouguereau, and Benjamin-Constant at the Académie Julian, as well as at the Academie Colarossi,  in Paris.  By the turn-of-the-century, many considered her one of the best portrait painters in America and she won every major art award possible at that time.  Beaux became independently wealthy painting the portraits of prominent people like Theodore Roosevelt's wife and World War I leaders.  In 1930 she published her autobiography Background with Figures

.

Biography/image--The Dreamer

Biography/image--Self-Portrait

Cecilia Beaux and the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts--long biography

Aimée Ernesta and Eliza Cecilia: Two Sisters, Two Choices--excellent and detailed biography of Cecilia and her sister and her career.

Ethel Page (Mrs. James Large), 1884, pastel

2 images--Dorothe and Francesca and New England Woman)

George Watson Gilder

Colonel John Shaw Billings, M.D.

Biography, plus 7 portraits

Sarah Doyle

Self Portrait--1920.

Mrs Stedman Buttrick (and child).




*


Sarah E. Bender (De Wolfe) (1852 - 1935)


*

Violets--unclear if this painting is the Violets exhibited in
the Board Room,Women's Building, 1893 Exposition.


*

California Grapes--unclear if this painting is Grapes exhibited in
the California Room, Women's Building, 1893 Exposition.


Tea Roses (image unavailable)--exhibited in
the Art Gallery, California State Building, 1893 Exposition


Born in Washington, D. C. and raised in San Francisco after1865, Sarah E. Bender was one of the first pupils to enroll in the newly opened San Francisco School of Design and study with Virgil Williams. Her specialty was botanics, florals, and still-lives, many of which were destroyed in the 1906 earthquake. She married Harold de Wolfe.




*


Enella Benedict (1858-1942)


*

Landscape [title unknown]--representative work



*

Brittany Children (1892)
[National Museum of Women in the Arts]
--exhibited in Fine Arts Palace, 1893 Exposition


Old Stories (image unavailable)--exhibited in
Board Room, Women's Building, 1893 Exposition


Daily Bread and Counting the Ships
(image unavailable)--exhibited in
Illinois Building, 1893 Exposition.



Illinois artist Enella Benedict received her training at the Chicago Institute of Art, the New York Art Students League, and the Académie Julian in Paris.  She worked as an art instructor at the Chicago Institute of Art and, in 1893, became associated with Hull-House, Jane Addams' settlement house, where Benedict directed the art program for over forty years.




*


Susan (Hinckley) Bradley (1851-1929)


*

Venice 1899--representative work
[private collection, Venice, Italy]


*

Italian Villa--representative work


Mount Monadnock, New Hampshire
(image unavailable)--watercolor exhibited
in Fine Arts Palace, 1893 Exposition.


Massachusetts artist Susan H. Bradley studied art at the Boston Museum of Fine Arts and the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, as well as in Paris and Rome.  In 1879 she married a Boston minister (Leverett Bradley).  She traveled widely and painted landscapes throughout Europe, Egypt, and the United States.




*


Christine Sloan Bredin (1860-1934)


*

Young Woman with Flowers
--representative work

*

Kitchen Scene with Mother and
Two Children
--representative work


Christmas Morning (image unavailable)--
exhibited in Cincinnati Room, Women's
Building, 1893 Exposition



Christine S. Bredin studied art at the Cincinnati Academy of Art and Academy Colarossi in Paris.  Later she taught at Ohio University  in Athens.  Her son Rae became a well-known Philadelphia artist.




*


Fidelia Bridges (1834 - 1924)


*

Untitled (watercolor) c. 1876
[National Museum of American Art,
Smithsonian]
--representative work

*

Bird Perched upon a Wild Mullein (1877)
--representative work


*

Birds, Flowers and Pine Cones--representative work


*

Lily Pads and Barn Swallows--representative work


In an Old Orchard (image unavailable)
--watercolor exhibited in the Fine
Arts Palace, 1893 Exposition.


Fidelia Bridges was born in Massachusetts and orphaned by age fifteen. She studied art in Philadelphia under William Trost Richards, a Pre-Raphaelite advocate who greatly influenced her style. After the Civil War, she spent a year studying in Europe, returning to the U.S. and considerable success in 1869. By 1871, she had turned mostly to water-colors.  She is known mainly for her delicate flower and bird paintings.


Bird's Nest and Ferns 1863 oil painting.

Untitled 1876--click on image to enlarge. (This one is different than the untitled painting shown above.)



*

*


Go to U.S. Women Painters, p. 2


Return to Women Painters Index


Return to Site Index



*

*


These pages are for educational use only.


Text written by K. L. Nichols

Return to Nichols Home Page
Suggestions/Comments: knichols11@cox.net
Posted: 6-25-02; Updated: 04-29-13