Ellen K. Baker
Martha S. Baker
Mary K. Baker
Addie L. Ballou
Sarah E. Bender
Susan Hinckley Bradley
Christine S. Bredin
The Storm (image unavailable)--exhibited in
the Rotunda, Women's Building, 1893 Exposition
Maria A'Becket, born in Maine, received her first art instruction from her father Charles E. Beckett, a drug store owner and amateur landscape painter. She later studied in Boston with William Morris Hunt and Homer Dodge Martin and in Paris with Charles Daubigny. While in Europe, she changed her name to A'Becket. Although she seems to have exhibited often, she has only recently been "rediscovered," partly for her "modern" blending of expressionist and tonalist styles and her use of a pallet-knife with chunks of paint before that style gained general popularity. Some see her seascapes as even prefiguring abstract expressionism.
The Young Artist
San Souci (image unavailable)--oil
exhibited in Fine Arts Palace, 1893 Exposition.
Ellen Kendall Baker was born in New York and received her training in Paris from Charles Miller, Paul Soyer, and the English artist Harry Thompson (her future husband). She often exhibited in the United States and abroad. No other information is available online.
Portrait of a Woman
Lazy Susan--representative work
Sketches (images unavailable)--exhibited in
Illinois building, 1893 World's Exposition.
Born into an affluent Indiana family, Martha S. Baker was trained at the Art Institute of Chicago and by Charles Woodbury in Maine. Well-known for her miniature portraits as well as her watercolors and oils, Baker died at age 40 from a ruptured appendix.
A Cottage Nestled in the Woods--representative work
Bouquet of Flowers--representative work
Autumn Flowers (Chrysanthemums) (image unavailable)--
exhibited in Fine Arts Palace, 1893 Exposition
Mary Katherine Baker was born in New Bedford, MA, and evidently a largely self-taught artist. She was actively involved in the Boston artistic community, exhibiting in both Boston and Philadelphia during the 1870s and 1880s. Her paintings are signed "M K Baker." No other information is available online.
A Desert Rider 1885--representative work
Portrait of Mrs. Leland Stanford (image unavailable) c. 1893--
exhibited in the Rotunda, Women's Building, 1893 Exposition
The mother of five children, Addie L. Ballou was also an artist, suffragist lobbyist, Spiritualist medium and trance-speaker, Civil War nurse, published poet and writer, and socialist reformer. She was born into a very large family, losing her mother at a young age (her father who helped operate the Underground Railroad before the Civil War remarried three more times) and grew up in Ohio and Wisconsin where, at age fifteen, she married Albert Darius Ballou. She was largely self-educated, but did receive limited art training at the San Francisco School of Design after the family moved to California in 1870. She spent three years painting in Australia (approximately 1882-1885) as well as in California when she returned.
The Man with the Cat
(Henry Sturgis Drinker
[National Museum of
American Art, Smithsonian]
Mrs. Theodore Roosevelt
unfinished version of
Twilight Confidences--exhibited in the
Rotunda, Women's Building, 1893
Exposition. See Study of Two Breton
Women, Conameau France on
right side of this web page.
Study of Two Breton
France 1888. Add a
hayfield on the left and
this study is similar to
exhibited in the Rotunda,
Dorothea and Francesca 1898
Portrait of a Boy
(Cecil Kent Drinker)
1891--exhibited in the Fine
Arts Palace, 1893 Exposition.
Last Days of
in Fine Arts Palace, 1893 Exposition.
Born in Philadelphia, Cecilia Beaux was raised by maternal relatives after her mother died following childbirth and her French father returned to his native country. She received her art education from artist-relative Catherine Drinker who taught at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts (where Beaux later became its first full-time woman teacher) and from Robert-Fleury, Bouguereau, and Benjamin-Constant at the Académie Julian, as well as at the Academie Colarossi, in Paris. By the turn-of-the-century, many considered her one of the best portrait painters in America and she won every major art award possible at that time. Beaux became independently wealthy painting the portraits of prominent people like Theodore Roosevelt's wife and World War I leaders. In 1930 she published her autobiography Background with Figures.
Cecilia Beaux and the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts--long biography
Aimée Ernesta and Eliza Cecilia: Two Sisters, Two Choices--excellent and detailed biography of Cecilia and her sister and her career.
Ethel Page (Mrs. James Large), 1884, pastel
George Watson Gilder
Colonel John Shaw Billings, M.D.
Violets--unclear if this painting is the Violets exhibited in
the Board Room,Women's Building, 1893 Exposition.
California Grapes--unclear if this painting is Grapes exhibited in
the California Room, Women's Building, 1893 Exposition.
Tea Roses (image unavailable)--exhibited in
the Art Gallery, California State Building, 1893 Exposition
Born in Washington, D. C. and raised in San Francisco after1865, Sarah E. Bender was one of the first pupils to enroll in the newly opened San Francisco School of Design and study with Virgil Williams. Her specialty was botanics, florals, and still-lives, many of which were destroyed in the 1906 earthquake. She married Harold de Wolfe.
Landscape [title unknown]--representative work
Brittany Children 1892
[National Museum of Women in the
Arts]--exhibited in Fine Arts
Palace, 1893 Exposition
Old Stories (image unavailable)--exhibited in
Board Room, Women's Building, 1893 Exposition
Daily Bread and Counting the Ships
(image unavailable)--exhibited in
Illinois Building, 1893 Exposition.
Enella Benedict was born in Lake Forest, Illinois to merchant Amzi Benedict and his wife Catherine Courtland, the daughter of a Chicago merchant. Enella received her training at the Chicago Institute of Art, the New York Art Students League, and the Académie Julian in Paris. She worked as an art instructor at the Chicago Institute of Art and, in 1893, became associated with Hull-House, Jane Addams' settlement house, where Benedict directed the art program for over forty years.
Venice 1899--representative work
[private collection, Venice, Italy]
Italian Villa--representative work
Mount Monadnock, New Hampshire
(image unavailable)--watercolor exhibited
in Fine Arts Palace, 1893 Exposition.
Massachusetts artist Susan H. Bradley studied art at the Boston Museum of Fine Arts and the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, as well as in Paris and Rome. In 1879 she married a Boston minister (Leverett Bradley). She traveled widely and painted landscapes throughout Europe, Egypt, and the United States.
Young Woman with Flowers
Kitchen Scene with Mother and
Two Children--representative work
The Gossips--representative work
Christmas Morning (image unavailable)--
exhibited in Cincinnati Room, Women's
Building, 1893 Exposition
Christine S. Bredin was born in Pennsylvania to Stephen Bredin (a physician of Huguenot ancestry) and Catherine Sloan Bredin. She studied art at the Cincinnati Academy of Art and at Academy Colarossi in Paris and with Carl Marr in Munich. Later she taught at Ohio University in Athens. Her brother Rae Sloan Bredin became a well-known Philadelphia artist.
Untitled (watercolor) c. 1876
[National Museum of American Art,
Bird Perched upon
a Wild Mullein (1877)
Birds, Flowers and Pine Cones--representative work
Lily Pads and Barn Swallows--representative work
In an Old Orchard (image unavailable)
--watercolor exhibited in the Fine
Arts Palace, 1893 Exposition.
Fidelia Bridges was born in Massachusetts and orphaned by age fifteen. She studied art in Philadelphia under William Trost Richards, a Pre-Raphaelite advocate who greatly influenced her style. After the Civil War, she spent a year studying in Europe, returning to the U.S. and considerable success in 1869. By 1871, she had turned mostly to water-colors. She is known mainly for her delicate flower and bird paintings.
Bird's Nest and Ferns 1863 oil painting.
Untitled 1876--click on image to enlarge. (This one is different than the untitled painting shown above.)
Go to U.S. Women Painters, p. 2
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Text written by K. L. Nichols
Painting, top of page: Marie Konstantinovna
Bashkirtseff, In the Studio (1881).
Return to Nichols Home Page
Posted: 6-25-02; Updated: 01-29-15