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U. S. Women Painters:

1893 Chicago World's Fair and Exposition


Continued--page 3




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This Page:
Elizabeth Coffin
Charlotte Buell Coman
Anna Botsford Comstock
Lucy Scarborough Conant
Emma Lampert Cooper
Louise Howland Cox
Lucia H. Coyner
Caroline A. Cranch
Letta Crapo Smith



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Elizabeth Rebecca (Bishra) Coffin (1850 - 1930)


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Small Head in Profile
(Portrait of Mary Eliza Starbuck)

c. 1890--representative work



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Grandmother's Garrett--representative work



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Seaweed Gatherers 1889--
representative work.


Hanging the Net (image unavailable) 1892--
exhibited in Fine Arts Palace, 1893 Exposition.



Born in New York to Quaker parents, Elizabeth Coffin was the eighth generation of Coffins to live on Nantucket Island, Massachusetts. The first woman in the U.S. to earn a Master's degree (Vassar College, 1876), she worked with artists like Thomas Eakins and William Merritt Chase in Philadelphia and New York and was one of the first women to attend the Hague Royal Academy.  She also traveled to places like Africa, but always returned to her home base in Nantucket.  In 1892 her painting Hanging the Net (see above) earned the "best picture painted in the United States by a woman" award from the National Academy of Design in New York City.



Biography/1 image--click on "biography" and on "Examples of her Work."

3 images--scroll down the page.




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Charlotte (Buell) Coman (1833-1924)



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Riverscape--representative work.




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Washing Clothes in Picardy--
representative work.

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Chickens in Farm Scene--
representative work.




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Clearing Off after 1887--
representative work.

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Old Mill Race--
representative work.


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Early Summer 1911--
representative work.

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Quaker Hill--
representative work.


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Still Life of Meat with Vegetables 1911--
representative work.


A Stony Brook and The Road to Town, Florida
(images unavailable)--exhibited in the
Fine Arts Palace, 1893 Exposition


Thistledown (image unavailable)--exhibited in the
Rotunda, Women's Building, 1893 Exposition


Charlotte B. Coman was born in New York and became a housewife in a frontier town in Iowa. Widowed, she decided at age 40 to become an artist. Coman studied art with J. R. Brevoort in America and with Harry Thompson and Emile Vernier in Paris, coming under the influence of the Barbizon tradition (plein-air painting, bucolic subjects, realist style). She always signed her paintings as C.B. Coman to avoid discrimination by male jurors. Many of her best paintings exhibit a misty, tonalist effect suggesting spirituality.



Biography/4 images --click on "Examples of her Work" and on "Biography."

Clearing Off

Ducks on a Pond

Landscape [title unknown]

Several images

Biography/Landscape




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Anna Botsford Comstock (1854 - 1930)


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Illustration from Manual for the Study of Insects
--representative wood engraving


Exhibited the following prints of wood engravings
(images unavailable) in Fine Arts Palace, 1893 Exposition:




Anna Botsford Comstock was born in New York and attended Cornell University where she met and married her entomologist-faculty husband John Comstock whose insect books were illustrated by Anna.  The two formed a publishing company specializing in nature-study books, and her 900-page Handbook of Nature Study (1911) became a standard textbook for teachers, going through 24 editions and being translated into eight languages.  For her extensive work in the nature-study movement, Comstock was recognized as one of America's twelve greatest living women in the League of Women Voters 1923 survey.




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Lucy Scarborough Conant (1867 - 1921)


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Italian Landscape --
representative work.


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Coastal Landscape
--representative work.

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The Shores of Etretat
--representative work.


The Orchid Meadow and Nasturtiums
(images unavailable)--exhibited in
the Fine Arts Palace, 1893 Exposition.



Lucy S. Conant was born in Connecticut and studied art in Boston and Paris.  Exhibiting in Boston in the late-19th and early-20th centuries, she later taught at the University of California, Berkeley.


3 images--click on "Gallery" and "Examples of her Work."

Several images




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Emma (Esther) Lampert Cooper (1860-1920)


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Morning on the Steps--representative work.



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Wayside Temple, India
--representative work

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Spring Landscape--representative work.


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The Breadwinner--exhibited in
the Fine Arts Palace, 1893 Exposition.

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Weaving Homespun, Canada
--representative work.



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Lane in Holland--representative work.


Two oils--Behind the Dunes (misty Dutch landscape)
and A Hillside in Picardy c. 1887--and one watercolor--
Through the Meadows in Holland (images unavailable)--
exhibited in the Fine Arts Palace, 1893 Exposition.



Emma Lampert Cooper was born in New York where she began her art studies at Cooper Union and the Art Students League in New York.  After studying in Paris with Harry Thompson and in the Netherlands, she became head of the art department at Foster School in Clifton Springs, New York, and also taught for a time at the Mechanic's Institute in Rochester.  Exhibiting under the name "Lampert" in 1893, she later married California artist Colin Campbell Cooper.  She won a medal at the 1893 Exposition.




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Louise Howland (King) Cox (1865-1945)



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Woman Holding Flowers 1893
--representative work

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Portrait of Leonard Cox [artist's son]--
representative work.


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Allyn Cox in Infancy 1898
--representative work



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May Flowers 1911--
representative work.



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The Three Fates--representative work.



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The Rose 1898--
representative work.


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Annunciation--
representative work.


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Allegorical Landscape 1915--
representative work


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Flavia--
representative work.

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Angiola 1897--
representative work.


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A Rondel (Primavera) 1892--
exhibited in Fine Arts Palace, 1893 Exposition.


The Lotos Eaters c. 1887 (image unavailable)--
exhibited in Fine Arts Palace, 1893 Exposition



Louise Howland Cox was born in San Francisco and studied art at the National Academy of Design and at the Art Students League in New York under with her future husband Kenyon Cox. According to some sources, Cox and her husband created the murals decorating the Liberal Arts Building at the 1893 Exposition and were part of the Cornish Art Colony in New Hampshire.  She was known for her portraits of children, including her own children, two of whom also became painters.


Biography/1 image--click on "biography"

Seated Young Girl  1903

Young Man with Lute 1903

Sketch for Stained Glass Window



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Lucia S. (Hotchkiss) Coyner (1852-1893?)


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Old Mill in Picardy--exhibited in the
Illinois Building, 1893 Exposition.



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In the Woods--exhibited in the
Illinois Building, 1893 Exposition


Still-life c. 1887 (image unavailable)--
exhibited in Illinois Building, 1893 Exposition



Lucia H. Coyner was born in Massachusetts to Carver Hotchkiss and his wife Sarah Gillette and studied art at the Cooper Institute in New York and under H. Thompson in Paris.  She and her husband, Joseph Coyner (a homeopathic physician), lived in Peoria, Illinois.  Lucia would later teach at the Peoria Art League.




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Caroline Amelia Cranch (1853-1931)


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John Knowles Paine--
representative work.


Portrait of Mr. Christopher Cranch [her father]
c. 1883 and Portrait of Mrs. E. D. Cranch
[her mother] (images unavailable)--exhibited
in the Fine Arts Palace, 1893 Exposition.


Born in New York, Caroline A. Cranch studied art in Boston with her father (Christopher Pearse Cranch, the transcendentalist writer and Hudson River Valley painter), with William Merritt Chase in New York at the Arts Students League, and with Carolus-Duran and Jean-Jacques Henner in Paris .  No more information is available online.




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(Henrietta) Letta Crapo Smith (1862 - 1921)

(Listed in the official records of the Exposition as Letta C. Smith.)


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First Birthday--
representative work

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Mrs. Humphrey Henry
Howland Crapo Smith

1909--representative work.



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Portrait of Sara
R. Hutchins
--
representative work.

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Girls at the Beach
--representative work.


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Still Life--representative work.


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Studio--The large picture in the center (surrounded by Crapo's sketches) is
Five O'clock Tea (the maid tasting the tea) which was exhibited in the Rotunda,
Women's Bulding, 1893 Exposition.



Letta Crapo Smith was born in Michigan to Humphrey Henry Howland Crapo Smith and to Lucy Anna Crapo whose family included a grandfather who became governor of Michigan after he successfully established himself in the lumber business. Crapo Smith studied art in Detroit with Julius Rolshoven and Gari Melchers and in New York with William Merritt Chase, then went abroad to study for a time in Paris with William Adolphe Bouguereau and in Holland with George Hitchcock. She was the first Michigan artist to be asked to exhibit in a Paris salon.




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Go to U.S. Women Painters, p. 4


Return to Women Painters Index


Return to Site Index



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These pages are for educational use only.

Text written by K. L. Nichols


Painting, top of page: Marie Konstantinovna
Bashkirtseff, In the Studio (1881).


Return to Nichols Home Page
Suggestions/Comments: knichols11@cox.net
Posted: 6-25-02; Updated: 10-15-16