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U. S. Women Painters:

1893 Chicago World's Fair and Exposition


Continued--page 2




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This Page:
Matilda C. Browne
Maria M.Brooks
Ida J. Burgess
M. Lesley Bush-Brown
Atha Haydock Caldwell
Katherine A. Carl
Mary Cassatt
Minerva Chapman
Alice Chittenden
Sarah Freeman Clarke
Gabrielle de Veaux Clements
Josephine Cochrane



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Matilda C. Browne or Brown (van Wyck) (1869-1947)


Peonies--
representative work




In Voorhees' Garden
--representative work


Floral Bouquet--
representative work




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Old Woman
--representative work


Laurel--
representative work



The Herd Coming Home--representative work



Bucolic Landscape--two door panels.
(Is the left one "Unwilling Model," listed below?)


An Unwilling Model c. 1892 (image unavailable)--
[a calf tied to a tree and tugging on it] exhibited
in Fine Arts Palace, 1893 Exposition.



Born in Newark, New Jersey, Matilda Browne was a child protégé who began her art studies with artist-neighbor Thomas Moran, Eleanor and Kate Greatorex, and other local artists. Later studies were undertaken in Paris at the Académie Julian and in the Netherlands. She exhibited in Paris and Pennsylvania and was the first woman artist asked to join the famous art colony in Old Lyme, Connecticut. Browne also did book illustrations for her writer-husband Frederick Van Wyck.  She received an Honorable Mention at the 1893 Exposition.



Full Bloom

Biography/9 images--click on "Examples of her Work" and on "Biography."




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Maria Matilda Brooks (1837 - 1913)




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Candies--
representative work.


Cat's Cradle--
representative work



*

Down Piccadilly, returning from covent garden market
one June Morning
1882 --exhibited in the Rotunda,
Woman's Building, 1893 Exposition.



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Shelling Corn --
representative work

*

Husking Corn --
representative work.



Either one of these paintings might be the one called Shucking Corn which was
exhibited in the Board Room, Woman's Building, 1893 Exposition



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The Wayfarers--exhibited in the
Rotunda, Woman's Building, 1893 Exposition.


Portrait of Reverend Dr. Morgan Dix (image unavailable)--exhibited
in the Board Room, Woman's Building, 1893 Exposition



Maria Brooks was born at Staines, Middlesex, England to Sophia and Henry Brooks.  Her early gifts were not encouraged initially, but when the family moved to London, she began studying at the South Kensington Art School and later at the Royal Academy Schools. She was active in Montreal and Quebec City for one and a half years, before moving to New York where she maintained a permanent studio.




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Ida Josephine Burgess (1855-1934)


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During Mass in Normandy--exhibited in
the Illinois Building, 1893 Exposition


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A Song of Spring--exhibited in
the Illinois Building, 1893 Exposition


Dawn--decorative mural
exhibited in Women's Reception Room,
Illinois Building, Burgess' "Dawn".


Still-life (images unavailable)--
exhibited in the Illinois Building, 1893 Exposition



Ida J. Burgess was born in Chicago and began her art studies at the Cooper School of Design.  She also studied art in New York at the Art Students League  under William Merritt Chase and Walter Shirlaw and in Paris under L. D. Merson.  At the 1893 exposition, her mural decoration could be seen in the Women's Reception Room of the Illinois State Building.  She also worked with stained glass and wrote articles on that subject.  She was a suffragist.




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Margaret White Lesley Bush-Brown (1857-1944)


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Self-Portrait
--representative work


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Ellen Day Hale 1910--
[National Museum of American Art,
Smithsonian]
representative work.


New Parents--representative work

 

 

Wall mural--go to Women's Building page;
exhibited in the Pennsylvania Building,
1893 Exposition.


Fragment of Mural Decoration for Music Room
(image unavailable)--may be the same as the
"wall mural" link in the previous entry; exhibited
in the Fine Arts Palace, 1893 Exposition.



A noted New York portrait painter and etcher, Margaret Bush-Brown was born to geologist J. Peter Lesley, professor of geology and mining engineering at the University of Pennsylvania and of writer-social reformer Susan Lyman Lesley.  She studied art at the Philadelphia School of Design for Women, at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts with Thomas Eakins, and at the Académie Julian in Paris with Tony Robert-Fleury, Gustave Boulanger, and Jules-Joseph Lefebvre.  She often summered along the East Coast with Cecilia Beaux and other women artists, developed her etching skills with Gabrielle De Vaus Clements, and toured France and Belgium with her distant artist-cousin Ellen Day Hale.  She continued painting and exhibiting in New York after marrying sculptor Henry Kirke Bush-Brown, specializing later in portraits and miniatures in Washington, D.C.




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Athelia ("Atha") Haydock Caldwell (1872 - 1960)


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The Old Howard, Sculley Square, Boston--representative work


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A Beer Party 1910--representative work


Dolores and An Evening in October (images unavailable)
--exhibited in the Cincinnati Room in the Women's
Building, 1893 Exposition.



Atha Haydock Caldwell was born in Cincinnati to Thomas T. Haydock, carriage manufacturer, and his wife Flora Rosella Sewall. By age seventeen, she was in Paris at the Académie Julian studying with Jules Dupré and beginning to exhibit. She traveled through North Africa, China, and Japan before returning the America. In 1898 she married William Caldwell, who became a professor at McGill University in Toronto, Canada where she lived the rest of her life.




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Katharine ("Kate") Augusta Carl (1865-1938)


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Quarry Wall--representative work.








The Oriental Beauty)--exhibited
in Rotunda, Woman's
Building, 1893 Exposition.
Alternate title: Odalisque
(harem slave)


Portrait of Tzu Hsi (now CIXI),
Empress Dowager of China
1835-1908
--exhibited at 1904
at St. Louis Exposition.


Head of a Man (image unavailable)--
exhibited in Fine Arts Palace, 1893 Exposition



Soap Bubbles (image unavailable)--
exhibited in in the Rotunda, Women's
Building, 1893 Exposition



Kate A. Carl was born in New Orleans and studied art at the Female Academy in Memphis, Tennessee and in Paris at the Académie Julian with William Adolphe Bouguereau, Tony Robert-Fleury, and later Hector Le Roux.  Portraiture was her specialty.   In 1903 she lived for ten months in Beijing at the Imperial Chinese Court while she painted a portrait of Tzu Hsi (CIXI), the last Empress Dowager of China, an experience Carl wrote about in her book With the Empress Dowager of China (1905).  The portrait of the Empress Dowager, with an elaborate heavy frame (partially show here), was exhibited at the 1904 Louisiana Purchase Exposition in St. Louis.  Carl lived in China until 1930, but maintained contacts with the art community in Memphis and, in her later years,  had a studio on Washington Square in New York.




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Mary Cassatt (1844-1926)


Go to separate web page:

Mary Cassatt's Lost Mural and Other Exhibits at 1893 World's Exposition



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Minerva Josephine Chapman (1858-1947)


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Self-image
--representative work.



Flanders Housewife
--representative work

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Portrait of a
Bearded Man
--
representative work


Souvenir de fête--
representative work




Woman Knitting--
representative work


Figural Portrait--
representative work



Turning in the Road--exhibited in the Rotunda,
Woman's Building, 1893 Exposition



The Village Church (image unavailable)--
exhibited in Woman's Building, 1893 Exposition



Born in New York to Josephine and James L. Chapman who was a successful banker and tannery owner, Minerva Chapman grew up in Chicago.   She graduated from Mount Holyoke College and attended the University of Chicago, studying privately in the early 1880s with Annie C. Shaw and, at the Art Institute of Chicago, with John Vanderpoel. From 1887 to 1897, she continued her studies in Paris at the Académie Julian and with a number artists such as impressionist Charles Augustus Lasar, as well as Collin, Courtois, Robert-Fleury, and Bouguereau. She frequently exhibited and won medals in both Paris, where she resided for much of her career, and in the United States, retiring in the 1920s to Palo Alto, California.  She was the first woman president of the International Art Union and a founding member of the miniature painting society.




Biography

Biography/many images (click on "Examples of her Work")



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Alice Brown Chittenden (1859-1944)


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Palace of Fine Arts, Exposition Hall
--representative work.


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Children on a Beach
--representative work

 

 

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Roses in a Vase--representative work.




Peonies--this may be the
"Peonies" exhibited
at the 1893 Exposition.


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Autumn Cornucopia (Chrysanthemums) 1892
--this may be the "Chrysanthemums"
exhibited in the Art Gallery, California
State Building, 1893 Exposition.



Red Roses (image unavailable)--exhibited in the
Art Gallery, California State Building, 1893 Exposition



Born in New York, Alice Brown Chittenden was raised in San Francisco where she studied art and later taught at the School of Design. Although she painted landscapes, she is especially remembered for her paintings of 350 varieties of California wildflowers. Over the years she also made several trips to New York, France, and Italy to study and exhibit.


Biography

Roses, 1898--scroll down the page to Chittenden's name

California Springtime, c. 1920

Biography/several images--click on "biography" and on "Examples of her Work"

Wildflowers along the Coast c. 1912.

24 images

Peonies c. 1910



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Sarah Anne Freeman Clarke (1808 - 1896?)


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Villa Doria at Albano Nero, Rome 1851
--representative work.


Buried Temple of Esneh, Egypt (image
unavailable)--exhibited in the Board Room,
Women's Building, 1893 Exposition



Sarah Freeman Clarke was born in Massachusetts and studied art under landscape painter Washington Allston. While living in Boston, she was actively involved in the Transcendentalist Movement, and she and her brother, unitarian minister and author James Freeman Clarke, were close friends with philosopher Ralph Waldo Emerson, Nathaniel Hawthorne's wife Sophia, and Margaret Fuller whom they accompanied on her western tour that led to her book Summer on the Lakes, illustrated by Sarah. For a time, she was the drawing teacher at Amos Bronson Alcott's Temple School. She also painted in Africa and Italy where she associated with sculptor Harriet Hosmer and the art colony of American expatriates immortalized in Hawthorne's novel The Marble Faun. After ten years abroad, she retired to Marietta, Georgia.




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Gabrielle de Veaux (or Vaux) Clements (1858-1948)




Winter, Mount Vernon Place--
representative etching.


The Harbor, Baltimore 1926--
representative etching.



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Way of St. Francis, Chartres [etching]--
exhibited in the Women's Building, 1893 Exposition

 


Harvest--see the wall mural exhibited in the Ladies'
Reception Room, the Pennsylvania State
Building, 1893 Exposition.



Two etchings--Chartres and Granite Quarry
(images unavailable)--exhibited in the
Women's Building, 1893 Exposition



Gabrielle de Veaux Clements was a Philadelphia-born artist whose parents were Dr. Richard Clements and Gabrielle de Veaux from South Carolina.  The younger Gabrielle studied at the Philadelphia School of Design for Women, the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, the Académie Julian in Paris, and in Italy. She also graduated from Cornell University in Ithaca, New York in 1880 with a B.S. degree in science.  Clements met painter Ellen Day Hale in 1883; they became lifelong companions, summering in Rockport, Massachusetts with artists like Cecilia Beaux and wintering in Charleston where they taught etching, a skill which she also taught to Hale. Clements also taught art in Philadelphia and in Baltimore at Bryn Mawr School.  Although she painted murals and portraits in her early career, she is remembered today primarily for her etchings.



Fort Dumpling and Beavertail Light 1887

8 images

Nativity Scene c. 1930

Angel on Wood Panel--attributed to Clements.

Biography/3 images--click on "Examples of her Work"




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Josephine Granger Cochrane (1864-1953)



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The Little Black Windmill--
representative work.

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Darkey Town, Lynchburg, Virginia--
representative work.


Old Stone Stairway, Pont Aven, France
(image unavailable)--exhibited in the
Fine Arts Palace, 1893 Exposition



Josephine G. Cochrane was a Connecticut painter of landscapes and still lifes.  She studied art in Paris at the Académie Julian. Evidently she sometimes exhibited under her initials:  J. G. Cochrane.  No more information is available online.




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Go to U.S. Women Painters, p. 3


Return to Women Painters Index


Return to Site Index



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These pages are for educational use only.

Text written by K. L. Nichols


Painting, top of page: Marie Konstantinovna
Bashkirtseff, In the Studio (1881).


Return to Nichols Home Page
Suggestions/Comments: knichols11@cox.net
Posted: 6-25-02; Updated: 2-1-18