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U. S. Women Painters:

1893 Chicago World's Fair and Exposition


Continued--page 5




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This Page:
Charlotte Belle Emerson
Lydia Field Emmet
Florence Estes
Ellen Burpee Farr
Katherine Levin Farrell
Ellen Thayer Fisher
Harriet Campbell Foss
Mary Odenheimer Fowler
Eurilda L. France
Lucia Fairchild Fuller
Elizabeth Gardner



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Charlotte Belle Emerson (Keith) (1865-19??)


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Expectation 1892--representative work.


Oil head [title unknown] (image unavailable)--
exhibited in the Illinois Room, Illinois
State Building, 1893 Exposition.


Charlotte Belle Emerson, later known as Belle, was the second youngest of four daughters born to Adeline (Talcott) Emerson and Ralph Emerson, an influential family in Rockford Illinois. She was educated at Wellesley College in Massachusetts for several years and then studied painting in Munich under Charles Von Mar and in Paris with Charles Lazar. After marrying Dr. Darwin Keith, Belle and her family returned to Rockford where she established a school, Keith school, which fostered students' individuality and creativity and still exists today. She was also very active in the town's cultural and artistic activities.




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Lydia Field Emmet (1866-1952)


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Self-Portrait--representative work


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World's Columbian Exposition, Chicago 1893--representative work.




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Goldfish [portrait of Roland
and Peter Hazard] 1921
--representative work.

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Portrait of Cynthia Pratt--
representative work.



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Miss Ginny and Polly
--representative work

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Marjorie
--representative work.


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Two Sisters
--representative work.


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Sketch--
representative work

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Mary Callery--
representative work.



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In Her First Youth
1892--representative work.




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Dorothy--
representative work.


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Seal of the New York State Board--
exhibited in Women's Building, 1893 Exposition


The Mere, Noonday, and A Portrait Sketch by Lamplight
(images unavailable)--exhibited in the Fine Arts Palace,
1893 Exposition


Art, Science, and Literature--go to Mural page.
Mural in the Woman's Building, 1893 Exposition.



Lydia Field Emmet of New York came from a very large and talented family that included her artist mother, her artist sister Rosina (Emmet) Sherwood, her artist cousin Ellen (Emmet) Rand, and her writer cousin Henry James. She studied at the Art Students' League in New York, in Paris under Robert-Fleury, Bouguereau, and others, at the Shinnecock School of Art under W.M. Chase, and in a private studio under MacMonnies.  She also became part of the American summer colony of artists near Monet's home in Giverny. Her artwork included stained glass windows for Tiffany & Co. and illustrations for Harper's magazine.


2 images (National Gallery of Art--"Olivia" and "Harriet Lancashire White and Her Children," 1922.

Mistress Mary Quite Contrary

The Brothers

Portrait of a Girl

Sketch for Stained Glass Window




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Florence Estes (1860 - 1926)


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La Baie de L'Orne--representative work


Centenarian (etching--image unavailable)--exhibited
in the Women's Building, 1893 Exposition



Florence Estes was a painter and engraver who was born in Cincinnati and studied from 1876-1882 with Thomas Eakins at the Pennsylvania Academy and then in Paris at the Academie Colarossi.  She lived in Paris until her death.




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Ellen Frances Burpee Farr (1840-1907)


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Pepper Tree--representative work


Indian Native Baskets and Southern California Pomegranates
(images unavailable)-- exhibited in the Art Gallery,
California State Building, 1893 Exposition.



Ellen B. Farr was born in New Hampshire and attended the New Hampton Institute and Thetford Academy. After her husband (U.S. Congressman Farr) died, she set up her studio in Boston, but moved to California in 1887. Farr was one of the early women artists in the West, often painting the pepper trees, Indian baskets, and missions of the Pasadena area.




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Katherine Levin Farrell (1857-1951)


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Taos Scene [title unknown]--representative work


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Dock Scene--representative work


Five Pound Island, Gloucester (etching and painting
--images unavailable) and Gloucester Wharf
(etching--image unavailable) exhibited in
Pennsylvania Building and in Women's Building,
1893 Exposition.



An accomplished etcher, Katherine Levin Farrell was born in Philadelphia and studied art at the Philadelphia School of Design for Women under Peter Moran and Stephen Ferris and at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts under Thomas Eakins. Later she also studied at the Philadelphia Museum School of Art and at the Drexel Institute, as well as in Taos.  At the 1893 Exposition, her works were exhibited both in the Ladies' Parlor of the Pennsylvania Building and in the Women's Building. Farrell is her married name.




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Ellen (Bowditch) Thayer Fisher (1847-1911)


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Blackberries--
representative work.

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Poppies (1889)--
exhibited at 1893 Exposition..


Born in Massachusetts but raised in New York, Ellen Thayer Fisher was a largely self-taught artist; her brother (Abbott Thayer) got to attend the Brooklyn Art School and National Academy of Design. She became very successful selling her floral watercolors to the Prang Company well-known for its greeting cards. She was married to Edward Thornton Fisher.



Floral Still Life




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Harriet Campbell Foss (1860-1938)


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A Flower Maker (1892)--exhibited in
Fine Arts Palace, 1893 Exposition.



Born in Connecticut, Harriet Campbell Foss was the daughter of a Methodist minister/college teacher.  She attended Smith College in Massachusetts and later studied art at the Women's School of Design at Cooper Union in New York and also in Paris. Foss exhibited often and also taught painting at the Women's College of Baltimore, Maryland.  She often signed her paintings "H. Campbell Foss" to avoid gender discrimination.  The production of artificial flowers, shown in the above painting, was a type of low-paying job that employed many urban women who could do the piecework at home while attending to children or aging parents.




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Mary (Berrian) Odenheimer Fowler (c. 1845 - 1898)


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Still Life [title unknown]--representative work.


Marie (image unavailable)--exhibited in
the Fine Arts Palace, 1893 Exposition.



Born and raised in Philadelphia, Mary Odenheimer Fowler was the daughter of the Episcopal bishop of New Jersey. She studied art at the Philadelphia Art School and in Paris under Carolus-Duran and Jean-Jacques Henner. Also a writer, she contributed articles on art techniques to art journals and wrote short stories. Her husband was portrait painter Frank Fowler.




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Eurilda Q. Loomis France (1865-1931)


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Arranging Spring Flowers--representative work.


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A Lady in the Garden--
representative work.




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My Garden (1894)--representative work..




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Easter Lilies--
representative work.

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A Vase of Lilacs
--representative work..


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In Flanders--representative work.


Preoccupation (image unavailable)--
exhibited in the Rotunda, Women's
Building, 1893 Exposition.



Born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania where her father was involved in the glass making industry, Eurilda Loomis France studied art in Paris with Constant and Lefebvre and at the Académie Julian with Carolus-Duran.  Her later career was associated with New York and Connecticut. She was married to artist Jesse Leach France.




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Lucia Fairchild Fuller (1872-1924)





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Self Portrait--
representative work.

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Girl with Hand-Glass--
representative work.


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Pres d'Une Claire Fontaine
(By a Clear Fountain) 1907
[National Museum of American
Art, Smithsonian]
--
representative work.

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Portrait of Hettie Sherman
Evarts Beaman

(ivory miniature c. 1901)
--representative work.


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Portrait of Boy with a Hat
[Neil Fairchild] 1891 [my scan]
--exhibited in the Fine Art
Palace, 1893 Exposition.


Women of Plymouth--go to Mural page;
exhibited in Women's Building, 1893 Exposition.



A well-paid miniature portraitist, Lucia F. Fuller was born in Massachusetts into a prominent political family. She trained at the Cowles Art School in Boston and in New York at the Art Students League under William M. Chase and others. After she married artist Henry Brown Fuller, she switched from murals to miniature painting. The Fullers moved in 1897 to the art colony at Cornish, New Hampshire. In 1899, along with several other painters, Fuller founded the American Society of Miniature Painters. Her career was cut short, before age forty, by multiple sclerosis.



Study by Candlelight 1891

Head of a Young Girl--c. 1900.




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Elizabeth Jane Gardner (Bouguereau) (1837-1922)


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L'Assaut--
representative work.

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L'Art et la Litterature
--representative work.


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David the Shepherd and the Lion
--representative work.


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The Farmer's Daughter--representative work.



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Portrait of Rudyard Kipling's
Daughter
--
representative work.

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Young Girl with Child
--representative work.



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Portrait of Rudyard Kipling's
Daughter
(1888)
--
representative work.

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The Shell
--representative work.


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Friends--exhibited in the
Women's Building, 1893 Exposition.


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Bubbles (c. 1891)--
exhibited in the Fine Arts
Palace, 1893 Exposition.

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The Water's Edge
--exhibited in the Fine Arts
Palace, 1893 Exposition.



Elizabeth Gardner (Bouguereau) from New Hampshire was the first American woman to invade the all-male world of the French art academies and the first both to exhibit and to win a gold medal at the Paris Salon.  When she first arrived in Paris in 1864, she had to get special permission from the police to dress in male clothes so that she could enroll in the all-male Gobelin's Tapestry School.  There she met her future husband William Adolphe Bouguereau, a well-known and older painter who helped open up Académie Julian to Elizabeth and other women students.  They did not marry until late in life, so the majority of her career was under the name "Gardner," but her sentimentalized genre paintings were strongly influenced by Bouguereau's idealized allegorical style.



Biography/images---click on "Biography" and "Examples of Work"

In the Woods

3 images




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Go to U.S. Women Painters, p. 6


Return to Women Painters Index


Return to Site Index



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These pages are for educational use only.

Text written by K. L. Nichols


Painting, top of page: Marie Konstantinovna
Bashkirtseff, In the Studio (1881).


Return to Nichols Home Page
Suggestions/Comments: knichols11@cox.net
Posted: 6-25-02; Updated: 10-14-16