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U. S. Women Painters:

1893 Chicago World's Fair and Exposition


Continued--page 7




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This Page:
Lily I.Jackson
Hannah T. Jenkins
Annie W. Jones
Dora Wheeler Keith
Alice Kellogg
Elizabeth Macdowell Kenton
Susan M. Ketcham
Anna Klumpke
Ella C. Lamb
Clara Welles Lathrop
Bertha S. Lee
Laura Lee
Caroline Lord
Anna Lownes
Marie K. Lusk
Florence MacKubin



*

*


Lily Irene Jackson (1848-1928)


*

Watching and Waiting--title unknown.
This title and an image of this painting, separately, appear
in the records of and on the wall of the Board Room of
the Women's Building, but elsewhere, this title seems to
point to another painting that may have been exhibited in
the West Virginia State Building at the 1893 Exposition.


*

Anticipation--title unknown.
This title supposedly designates one of the
two paintings Jackson exhibited, perhaps in
the West Virginia State Building, but the picture
had no title actually attached to it, and elsewhere,
this title is briefly described as portraying "two St.
Bernards," which these dogs definitely are not,
yet this image seems to be of a Jackson painting
exhibited somewhere at the 1893 Exposition.


Sculptor, artist, and designer, Lily I. Jackson was born into a prominent Parkersburg, West Virginia family boasting of generals (including "Stonewall" Jackson), a governor, and an important federal district judge (her father) in the family tree.  She studied art in New York and became known for her animal portraits and florals.  She was a member of the Board of Lady Managers for the Women's Building at the 1893 World's Fair. Due to some confusion in the records, it is unclear whether she exhibited two or three dog paintings, but there is definite proof (see source) that the first picture above was on the wall of the Board Room in the Women's Building.




*


Hannah Tempest Jenkins (1854-1927)


*

Early Morning Sun, Bois de Boulogne, Paris
(c. 1900)--representative work


*

Trees [title unknown]--
representative work


Landscape and Still Life (images unavailable)--
exhibited in the Fine Arts Palace, 1893 Exposition.



Hannah T. Jenkins was born in Pennsylvania into a family of coal miners.  She studied art at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Art, followed by studies with Robert-Fleury and Constant in Paris, and in Japan under Tackouchi Seiho.  She taught art for many years at several colleges and was the head of the art department at Pomona College in California.  "Jenkins" was her married name.




*


Annie Weaver Jones (c. 1862-1911?)


*

A Quiet Moment (1895)--
representative work


Easter Lilies (image unavailable)--exhibited
in the Fine Arts Palace, 1893 Exposition.


Corner of the Studio, Sunset, and On Pleasant Toil Intent
(images unavailable)--exhibited in
the Illinois State Building, 1893 Exposition.



Annie W. Jones was born in Nashville, Tennessee but lived for most of her career in Chicago where she studied art at the Chicago Academy of Design and, in 1870,  shared a studio with prominent Chicago artist Pauline Dohn [Rudolph].  She also studied at the Art Students League in New York and in Paris.  She was married to Justus L. Johnson.




*


Dora Wheeler Keith (1856-1940)


*

Self-portrait--
representative work


*

Candace Wheeler
[artist's mother]
--
representative work.

*

Double Dealing and
Grandmother
1905--
representative work.



*

Laurence Hutton--
representative work.

*

Laurence Hutton--
representative work.





*

Carolina Lee (1883)--
representative work.


*

Candace Wheeler--
representative work.


*

Penelope Unraveling her Work--
representative work


*

Aphrodite (1883)--
representative work.

*

The Mermaid --
representative work.


*

Fairies in Irises (1888)--
representative work.



Daphne's Nymphs (image unavailable)--exhibited
in the Rotunda, women's Building, 1893 Exposition.


Dora Wheeler Keith was born in New York and studied art at the Art Students League under William Merritt Chase and in Paris at the Académie Julian.  Her mother, Candace Wheeler, was the artist in charge of the interior decorations in the Women's Building at the 1893 World's Fair, and Dora was the creator of the library ceiling mural in the Women's Building.  Dora married Boudinot Keith.




*


Alice (De Wolf) Kellogg (Tyler) (1862 - 1900)


*

Self-Portrait--representative work



*

House in a Landscape--representative work


*

Sunny Corner of the Verandah 1898--representative work




*

Young Man--
representative work.

*

Portrait of John
Kellogg Rich
--
representative work.



*

The Mother 1894--
representative work.

*

Portrait of Mary Rozet
Smith
1894--
representative work.


*

Five Kids Walking--representative work




*

Figure Study--
representative work.



*

A Peaceful Sm oke --
representative work.




*

The Mother 1889
(see larger copy here)--
exhibited in the Fine Arts
Palace, 1893 Exposition.

*

Portrait of Miss G.E.K.
[her sister Gertrude]1888--
exhibited in Board Room,
Women's Building,
1893 Exposition.


Wall Frieze--panel in frieze in the Reception
Room, Illinois Building, 1893 Exposition.


Intermezzo (image unavailable)--exhibited
in Fine Arts Palace, 1893 Exposition.


A Procrastinator, Sister of Charity,
Head of Old Woman, and Cornelia--
(images unavailable)--exhibited in the
Illinois Building, 1893 Exposition.



Illinois native Alice Kellogg studied art at the Chicago Academy of Design and in Paris at the Académie Julian and the Académie Colarossi under Boulanger, Lefebvre, and Courtois.  On the basis of "The Mother," painted while she was a student at the Academie Julian, she was elected to The Society of American Artists, an organization which rarely admitted midwesterners or women. A reproduction of "The Mother" was the frontispiece to the 1893 Century Illustrated Magazine. She painted many portraits for the Union League of Chicago and taught art at the Art Institute of Chicago  and at  Hull House where Kellogg formed close friendships with its founder, social reformer Jane Addams, and with Mary Rozet Smith in particular.  In 1894, she married self-taught artist Orno James Tyler.  She died in 1900 at age 37.




*


Elizabeth MacDowell Kenton (1858 - 1953


*

Daydreams [Portrait of Caroline Eakins]--exhibited
in the Fine Arts Palace, 1893 Exposition



The daughter of a respected Philadelphia engraver and the sister of artist Susan MacDowell Eakins (who also exhibited at the 1893 Exposition), Elizabeth MacDowell Kenton studied at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts in Philadelphia, exhibited professionally, and traveled widely.  She was briefly married to Louis N. Kenton.  No other information is available online.




*


Susan Merrill Ketcham (1841-1930)


*

Study of a Hat--exhibited
in the Fine Arts Palace, 1893 Exposition


Portrait of a Lady c. 1890
(image unavailable)--exhibited in the
Fine Arts Palace, 1893 Exposition.



Susan M. Ketcham was born into a pioneer family in Indiana and studied art at the Indiana School of Arts, the Chicago Academy of Design, the New York Art Students League, and in Europe, but not until she was over forty years old.  Some of her studies were under William Merritt Chase at his Shinnecock Summer School of Art.  Along with seventeen other women, she helped found the Art Association of Indianapolis in 1883.




*


Anna Elizabeth Klumpke (1856-1942)



*

Man with a Black Hat 1881--
representative work.


*

In the Wash House 1887--
representative work.



*

Portrait of Rosa Bonheur
1898--
representative work.




*

The Breeze--
representative work.

*

Reverie 1891--
representative work.


Portrait of Miss M. D. c. 1890
(image unavailable)--exhibited in the
Women's Building, 1893 Exposition.


Portrait of Miss K. H. c. 1890
(image unavailable)--exhibited in the
Fine Arts Palace, 1893 Exposition.


San Francisco-born Anna E. Klumpke was raised in Switzerland by her mother.  In 1883, Klumpke enrolled at the Académie Julian where she studied under Robert-Fleury and Jules LeFebvre.  By 1889, she had won a prize from the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts for In the Wash House (for the finest figure painting).  In 1898, she worked on an impressive portrait of Rosa Bonheur whom she had admired since childhood; Klumpke became the companion of the elderly artist during the last year of her life, writing her biography and inheriting Bonheur's studio estate.



Biography

Elizabeth Cady Stanton 1889

Biography/Images--click on "Biography" and "Examples of Work"

Little Lady Blanche 1884




*


Ella (Grace) Condie Lamb (1862-1936)


*

Memory (stained glass window)--
representative work.

*

The Open Book
(stained glass window)--
representative work.


*

The Advent Angel 1889--
exhibited in Fine Arts Palace,
1893 Exposition.



Ella Condie Lamb was born in New York where, at age 16, she enrolled in the National Academy of Design. After further study at the New York Art Students League, in London, and in Paris at the Colarossi academy, she began receiving recognition for her mosaics and stained glass, as well as paintings, sculptures, and illustrations. She was married to architect Charles Rollinson Lamb who urged her not to neglect her art for their five children.  Some of her stained glass art was produced by J. & R. Lamb Studios (her husband's family business in ecclesiastical art).  She won a medal at the 1893 position.



Biography

Biography/image--click on "Biography" and "Examples of Work"

Sketch for Stained Glass Window




*


Clara Welles Lathrop (1853-1907)


*

Landscape [title unknown] 1881--
representative work.


*

By her own Fireside 1881--
representative work.

*

Sea Landscape
[title unknown]
--
representative work.


At the Flower Market (A French Flower Girl) 1891
(image unavailable)--exhibited in the
Fine Arts Palace, 1893 Exposition.


Clara Welles Lathrop was born in Massachusetts and studied art in New York at the Art Students League and in Brooklyn at the Pratt Institute with William Bouguereau and Tony Robert-Fleury.  No other information is available online.




*


Bertha Elizabeth Stringer Lee (1869/73?-1937)



*

Pacific Trees --
representative work.

*

Monterey Landscape 1898--
representative work.


Sycamore Trees (image unavailable)--
exhibited in Women's Building, 1893 Exposition.



Bertha S. Lee was born into a wealthy San Francisco family which encouraged her interest in art. After studying with William Keith and at the California School of Design with Arthur Mathews, she went on to study in New York and Paris, returning later to her native city to set up her studio. She often painted scenes of the Monterey Peninsula and the San Francisco Bay area. She was married to Louis Eugene Lee.



Biography/images--click on "image gallery"

Hay Barge at the Wharf




*


Laura Lee (1867 - 1954)


*

River Reflections 1909--
representative work.


Retrospection (image unavailable)--exhibited
in Fine Arts Palace, 1893 Exposition


Born in Massachusetts, Laura Lee studied art at the Boston Museum School of Fine Art and in Paris at the Académie Julien with William Bouguereau and Jules-Joseph Lefebvre.  An ardent suffragist, she also advocated women's dress reform at the 1893 Chicago World's Fair for which she cut and sewed her own set of "bloomers."  The fashion did not catch on.




*


Caroline Augusta Lord (1860-1927)


*

River Reflections 1909--
representative work.



*

First Communion
1901--
representative work.

*

Roses--
representative work.


Holland Sketches and Noon (images
unavailable)--exhibited in Cincinnati Room,
Women's Building,1893 Exposition


The daughter of the president of the Lafayette, Indianapolis, and Cincinnati Railroad, Caroline Augusta Lord studied art at the Cincinnati Art Academy with Thomas S. Noble and Lewis Lutz, at the Art Students League in New York with Kenyon Cox, and at the Académie Julian and the Academy Delecluse in Paris. She taught for 25 years at the Cincinnati Art Academy and exhibited widely. Like her friend Elizabeth Nourse, also from Cincinnati, Lord often painted domestic subjects and common laborers.



Self-portrait

Acme Laundry

Acme Laundry in Cincinnati




*


Anna Lownes (active 1884-1905)


*

A Study of Apples 1880s--
representative work.


Still-life Study (image unavailable)--exhibited in the
Board Room, Women's Building, 1893 Exposition


The Raven (image unavailable)--exhibited
in Fine Arts Palace, 1893 Exposition



Anna Lownes studied at the Philadelphia School of Design for Women, with still life painter Milne Ramsey, and at Delécluse's Academy in Paris. In the mid-1880s she was living in Pennsylvania and was known to exhibit at Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts from 1884 to 1890. No other information is available online.




*


Marie Koupal Lusk (1862-1929)


*

Portrait of a Seated Gentleman
Holding a Book and Glasses
1890--
representative work.


*

Sailboat by the Shore--
representative work.


Wall Frieze--see the wall panel in the Reception Room,
Illinois Building, 1893 Exposition


Broken Hearts, The Story, Martyrdom of John
Huss
, Vanity, and Sweet Peas (images
unavailable)--exhibited in the Illinois Building,
1893 Exposition


Marie K. Lusk was born in Bohemia, Czechoslovakia, but grew up in Illinois where she studied art at the Academy of Design and the Institute of Art in Chicago, followed by training at the Art Students League in New York and at the Académie Colarossi in Paris.  She and artist Alice Kellogg Tyler established the first art association for women in Chicago, later known as The Palette Club.  She was married to attorney Charles Lusk.




*


Florence MacKubin (1861-1918)


*

Mrs. John Peter Ritter (miniature)
[Henry Luce III Center for the
Study of American Culture
]
--
representative work.

*

Portrait of Thomas Swann 1906
--representative work.


*

Miniature (title unknown)--
representative work.


Portrait Study in Yellows
(image unavailable)--exhibited in
Fine Arts Palace, 1893 Exposition


A Florentine Mandolin Player (image
unavailable)--exhibited in the
Women's Building, 1893 Exposition



Although her parents were Americans, Florence MacKubin was born in Florence, Italy and studied art in France and Germany.  MacKubin evidently specialized in portraits (miniatures, pastels, and oil colors) of prominent people, and her portrait of Queen Henrietta Maria, commissioned by the  State of Maryland, hangs in the Annapolis State House.



Henrietta Maria, Queen Consort of England

Miniature Portrait




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Go to U.S. Women Painters, p. 8


Return to Women Painters Index


Return to Site Index



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These pages are for educational use only.

Text written by K. L. Nichols


Painting, top of page: Marie Konstantinovna
Bashkirtseff, In the Studio (1881).


Return to Nichols Home Page
Suggestions/Comments: knichols11@cox.net
Posted: 6-25-02; Updated: 3-13-16